Students can play a significant role at data intermediaries, organizations that provide data and analytic services to their community. This guide is based on the experiences of the National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership, which includes data intermediaries from over 30 cities. The guide presents a five-stage process for data intermediaries or similar organizations to successfully involve students in the provision of

December 13, 2018
Brief
 

Prior to Connecticut’s 2016 Medicaid policy change, people placed in the state’s halfway houses as part of their reentry preparation had to return to jails and prisons to receive health care. This qualitative brief describes how residents and staff experienced and perceived the transition to Medicaid in access to care, health care usage, and program operations. We found that access to community-based care is a substantial

December 13, 2018
Research Report
 

The Welfare Rules Databook provides tables containing key Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) policies for each state as of July 2017, as well as longitudinal tables describing selected state policies from 1996 through 2017. The tables are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database tracking state cash assistance policies over time and across the 50 states and

December 13, 2018
Research Report
 

While every state has seen coverage growth since the implementation of the Affordable Care Act’s (ACA) coverage reforms in 2014, the states choosing to expand Medicaid eligibility have seen the largest increases in coverage. Texas has the highest uninsurance rate in the country with 4.7 million people under age 65 estimated to be uninsured in 2018. We estimate that 19 percent of people in that age group are uninsured in 2018,

December 11, 2018
Brief
 

Master’s degree programs have changed dramatically in the past decade. Journalists have touted the master’s degree as “the new bachelor’s degree,” and roughly 785,000 master’s degrees were awarded in 2015–16. But beyond the rise in the number of master’s degrees awarded, there have been substantial changes in the enrollment demographics, field offerings, and delivery of master’s degree programs that deserve policymakers’

December 11, 2018
Brief
 

A robust carbon tax would generate considerable revenue. Some carbon tax advocates have suggested returning those revenues to Americans through direct payments, often called carbon dividends. We examine how to design these dividends considering two, sometimes conflicting, principles. Carbon dividends can be viewed as shared income from a communal property right, much as Alaskans share in income from the state’s oil resources.

December 11, 2018
Research Report
 

While every state has seen coverage growth since the implementation of the Affordable Care Act’s (ACA) coverage reforms in 2014, the states choosing to expand Medicaid eligibility have seen the largest increases in coverage. Texas has the highest uninsurance rate in the country with 4.7 million people under age 65 estimated to be uninsured in 2018. We estimate that 19 percent of people in that age group are uninsured in 2018,

December 11, 2018
Highlights
 

This brief shows how changing patterns of lifetime earnings, retirement plan participation, and wealth accumulation will shape future economic well-being at older ages. Our projection results are mixed. As economic growth raises earnings and retirement benefits and women work more, boomers and Gen Xers will receive more income at age 70 than pre-boomers, born between 1936 and 1945. That income, however, will replace a smaller

December 10, 2018
Research Report
 

The 2018 Massachusetts Health Reform Survey is a reminder that the goals of health reform are not achieved by simply reducing the number of uninsured. Despite sustained near-universal health insurance coverage since the Massachusetts’ landmark health reform law in 2006, Massachusetts residents, including those with health insurance coverage all year, have faced persistent barriers to care and difficulty affording health care.

December 10, 2018
Brief
 

100 Resilient Cities (100RC) identified the need to transform public institutions, functions, and operations in city government as its primary strategy to affect how cities mitigate shocks and reduce chronic stressors, particularly for its poorest and most vulnerable citizens. The program promotes such practices as inclusive planning, comprehensive analyses of external shocks and internal stressors, consensus building, and cross

December 5, 2018
Research Report
 

Place matters in the lives of families; homes are the anchor for family life, and the quality of one’s housing is an important determinant of health and economic outcomes. This joint publication by the Urban Institute and the Aspen Institute offers a set of recommendations on how to harness public and assisted housing and public-private housing partnerships to promote better outcomes for families. Read the full report on the

December 5, 2018
Research Report
 

This brief discusses in depth the methodological issues of measuring income inequality in the US as discussed by Rose (2018). The primary issues concern different studies’ definitions of income, datasets, units of analysis, income measures (market incomes only; total cash income with government transfers; and posttax, posttransfer income), income adjustments for household size, and the price deflators.

December 4, 2018
Brief
 

On October 10, 2018, the administration proposed a major change to immigration policy through an expanded definition of “public charge.” The proposed public charge rule would make it more difficult for applicants to secure lawful permanent residency (“green cards”) or temporary visas by negatively weighing recent or potential participation in safety net programs such as Medicaid during the immigration admissions process.

December 3, 2018
Brief
 

Cooperatives are member-owned, democratically-controlled business enterprises. The nature of cooperatives is inherently both locally-based and participatory. Because of this, cooperatives are well positioned to contribute directly to community vitality and stability. Yet, it is challenging to find a compelling, discreet group of metrics that apply across cooperatives given their range of activities and contexts. This brief

December 3, 2018
Brief
 

Though measuring inequality seems straightforward and uncontroversial, methodological issues greatly affect findings. This brief presents the intricacies of several income inequality studies and explains their different results. Researchers’ estimates of income inequality differ significantly because they use different units of analysis, definitions of income, adjustments for family size, capital income measures (if any), and

December 3, 2018
Brief
 

The November 2018 edition of At A Glance, the Housing Finance Policy Center’s reference guide for mortgage and housing market data, includes updated figures describing mortgage delinquency rates, Federal Reserve’s MBS purchase activities, mortgage insurance activities and a special quarterly feature on GSE loan composition, repurchase rates, defaults, and loss severity. Housing Finance at a Glance: Monthly Chartbooks Archive

November 29, 2018
Research Report
 

This study documents the range of approaches that states, localities, and neighborhoods are pursuing to direct public resources to community-driven public safety solutions that fall outside the traditional justice system. This allows for targeted interventions that meet priorities that communities grappling with the realities of mass incarceration identify for themselves. Our research found three primary funding strategies for

November 28, 2018
Research Report
 

The Federal Housing Finance Agency’s (FHFA) recently issued a proposed capital standard for the government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs), Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae. In this brief, we analyze how well the rule aligns risk and capital across the various mortgage attributes and how capital requirements vary across the business cycle, to begin to understand whether the capital standards are appropriately calibrated. Our

November 28, 2018
Research Report
 

Idaho enacted comprehensive criminal justice reform legislation (S.B. 1357) in 2014, aimed at improving parole outcomes and safely controlling prison population growth by increasing timely release for people convicted of nonviolent offenses. Our analysis finds that Idaho has met its goal of increasing timely release for people convicted of nonviolent offenses and this has corresponded with reductions in prison time served. While

November 27, 2018
Research Report
 

An earlier version of this chartbook was submitted to the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency on November 19, 2018 in response to an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) on Modernizing the Community Reinvestment Regulatory Framework. The ANPR’s purpose is to gather ideas to enable regulators to revise Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) regulations. This Chartbook is meant to provide facts about CRA lending

November 27, 2018
Research Report
 

In contrast to commercial markets, narrow networks in Medicare Advantage (MA) markets are not motivated by unit-price discounts for insurers in exchange for higher patient volume for health systems. Through 15 interviews with MA experts, MA insurers, and health systems, we confirmed that the Medicare fee schedule is the basis for most provider payments in MA regardless of network breadth. Cost savings from narrow networks in MA

November 25, 2018
Research Report
 

More than 2.7 million children have an incarcerated parent, and many more have experienced a parent’s incarceration at some point. Research finds that parental incarceration negatively affects children’s physical, mental, and emotional health. One might presume that child outcomes improve when a parent returns from incarceration, but the evidence shows that reentry can be difficult for parents and their children. Research to

November 19, 2018
Brief
 

Social Security faces a long-term financing problem. The program now spends more than it collects each year, and Social Security’s trustees project that it will be unable to pay full benefits beginning in 2034. Reducing the payment period by raising the age at which beneficiaries can begin collecting benefits would improve Social Security’s finances. But some older people, especially those with limited education and

November 15, 2018
Research Report
 

This report is intended as a practical tool for those seeking to understand how capital does and does not flow to communities, businesses, and households. This can inform efforts by community developers to identify projects in need of financing, raise capital, and design and market new financial products and services. We provide a concise how-to guide across five approaches to assessing community need, a four-step process to

November 14, 2018
Research Report
 

In February 2016, the city of Denver and eight private investors closed on the city’s first social impact bond (SIB), an $8.6 million investment to fund a supportive housing program for 250 of the city’s most frequent users of the criminal justice system. The city will make outcome payments over five years based on the initiative’s goals of housing stability and decreased jail days. This report details the second assessment of

November 14, 2018
Brief