Introduction Learning how to succeed in the world of work during the transition to adulthood is a universal need, and young people aging out of foster care are no exception. But research consistently finds that compared with other young people those aging out of foster care have less stable employment, work fewer hours, and earn lower wages as they enter adulthood, while often having greater demands to support

September 20, 2021
Research Report
 

Chicago’s housing landscape is fragmented, and as many homeowners still continue to recover from the 2008 recession, a new threat to equitable homeownership has arrived in the COVID-19 pandemic. This chartbook provides a collection of data points and commentary describing Chicago’s housing market, past and present, with a focus on affordability, accessibility and racial equity. The chartbook is organized into

September 20, 2021
Research Report
 

In this data quality report, we investigate the quality of 2016 data on dual MedicareMedicaid enrollment in the Transformed Medicaid Statistical Information System (TMSIS) Analytic Files, hereafter called the TAF. We also explore the TAF’s capacity to identify people dually enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid in integrated plans. For both exercises, we compare TAF data with enrollment information from the Medicare

September 16, 2021
Research Report
 

People dually enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid often have complex medical, long-term care, and social needs. However, dual enrollees are at risk of receiving less-than-optimal care, because Medicare and Medicaid medical providers generally address different health care needs and lack incentives to coordinate with each other. To reduce these risks and improve care, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid

September 16, 2021
Brief
 

In this data quality report, we investigate Medicaid spending data on people dually enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid (hereafter “dual enrollees”) in the Transformed Medicaid Statistical Information System (T-MSIS) Analytic Files (TAF). For select states, we investigate capitation payments among Medicaid managed-care plan enrollees by type of comprehensive plan, including the Financial Alignment Initiative’s

September 16, 2021
Research Report
 

In this data quality report, we investigate the capacity of the 2018 Transformed Medicaid Statistical Information System Analytic Files (TAF) to measure medical services among people dually enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid. We examine services for which Medicaid is the primary payer among dual enrollees: long-term services and supports, including personal care, nonemergency transportation, and other home- and

September 16, 2021
Research Report
 

Yonah Freemark, a Senior Research Associate, presented before the Commission to Increasing Housing Opportunities in Maine. The hearing included a discussion on the historical role of race and racism in zoning policies and the best measures to ensure that state and municipal zoning laws do not serve as barriers to racial equality. In his presentation, Yonah provided background on why was zoning developed, what

September 16, 2021
Testimony
 

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected families with young children significantly, especially as access to safe and affordable child care has been limited and parents have needed to stay home and reduce their work hours. We use data from the most recent (December 2020) wave of the Well Being and Basic Needs Survey, a nationally representative survey of nonelderly adults, to visually illustrate how families with

September 15, 2021
Brief
 

Medicaid enrollment has risen substantially since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Recent data show enrollment jumped by more than 9 million people from February 2020 to January 2021. The higher enrollment is driven by two main causes: the unprecedented pandemic-related job losses concentrated in March to June of 2020 and the continuous coverage requirement of the Families First Coronavirus Response Act,

September 15, 2021
Research Report
 

The child care subsidy system supports both parents’ ability to work and children’s healthy development by helping parents with low incomes pay for child care so they can work or go to school or training. Yet many questions remain about equity in the subsidy system: To what extent does it consider inequities that Black and Latino families and immigrant families can face because of structural racism? Specifically

September 15, 2021
Brief
 

The child care subsidy system supports both parents’ ability to work and children’s healthy development by helping parents with low incomes pay for child care so they can work or go to school or training.  Yet many questions remain about equity in the subsidy system: To what extent does it consider inequities that Black and Latino families and immigrant families can face because of structural racism?

September 15, 2021
Research Report
 

Introduction For the past two decades, states have been able to access federal funds through the John H. Chafee Program for Successful Transition to Adulthood program to support young adults leaving foster care up to their 21st birthday. Yet young people who have been in foster care continue to face challenges well after turning 21. A recent federal policy, the Family First Prevention Services Act (FFPSA) of

September 14, 2021
Brief
 

The acceleration of the shift to online and remote learning and working brings new opportunities, but it also brings the potential for further inequities in the labor market. Older workers stand to benefit greatly from the expanded access that online and remote learning and working provides. This report documents some of the barriers and opportunities that exist for older workers accessing online programs, with

September 14, 2021
Research Report
 

Segregation on the basis of race or ethnicity is one of the most enduring and pervasive inequities in US public education. School segregation is determined not only by residential sorting and families’ preferences but by local policy choices such as the drawing of school attendance boundaries. This report examines the role of individual school attendance boundaries in perpetuating racial and ethnic segregation

September 14, 2021
Research Report
 

This paper examines the impacts of the Loi relative à la Solidarité et au renouvellement urbains (SRU) law, which was designed to encourage more equitable distribution of affordable housing in French metropolitan areas to reduce the concentration of families living in poverty and increase access to opportunity. This regulation mandates that many urban municipalities designate 25 percent of their housing stock to

September 14, 2021
Research Report
 

The fiscal year 2022 budget resolution proposes to expand Medicare coverage to include dental, vision, and hearing services. To better understand the context around a new proposed dental benefit, we examine dental care utilization and spending overall and for the Medicare population using two national databases. We first show that the highest total and out of pocket spending levels, aside from those in teenage

September 10, 2021
Brief
 

After the COVID-19 pandemic struck the US and the District of Columbia went into lockdown in March 2020, four community-based organizations moved swiftly to assist households in Ward 8 (a predominantly Black, low-income area of the city  that was hit hard by the pandemic). Through their Thrive East of the River partnership, the organizations provided residents with $5,500 and food and household goods and

September 10, 2021
Brief
 

As part of the budget process for fiscal year 2022, Congress is considering a package of two reforms to the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Under the package, the enhanced premium subsidies included in the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) would become permanent. Additionally, the so-called Medicaid coverage gap would be filled by extending eligibility for marketplace subsidies to people earning below 100 percent of

September 9, 2021
Brief
 

The authors describe the nation's deepening rental crisis and the struggle by policymakers to get ahead of it. After getting off to a slow start, policymakers finally appear to be succeeding, though how many renters they can save from eviction will come down to how comfortable states and localities will be with the risks that come with getting the money out the door as quickly as needed. The views included are

September 9, 2021
Brief
 

The COVID-19 pandemic and ensuing economic recession have underscored that job quality varies across workers, resulting in uneven impacts on worker health, wealth, and stability. Black and Latine workers, who disproportionately hold low-paying and “essential” jobs, were more likely to feel these negative impacts. Racial disparities in job quality are not new but are long-standing fixtures of the US labor market

September 9, 2021
Brief
 

A key question in child care policy is whether quality improvement is in tension with maintaining a diverse supply of care that meets working families’ needs. The District of Columbia provides an ideal context to study this question with its launch (in 2016) and full implementation (in 2018) of Capital Quality, a redesigned quality rating and improvement system (QRIS). Capital Quality brought new ways to measure

September 9, 2021
Research Report
 

States reported strong revenue growth in the first quarter of 2021, but there is still large variation in revenue performance across states. Over a 12-month period (April 2020 through March 2021), state total tax revenues increased 0.6 percent compared to the same period one year earlier. Preliminary figures for the second quarter of 2021 indicate nearly 65 percent growth in total state tax revenues but this

September 8, 2021
Research Report
 

The American Rescue Plan Act expanded the child tax credit (CTC) to include 17-year-olds, increased the benefit from $2,000 to $3,600 for children under age 6 and to $3,000 for children between ages 6 and 17, and made the credit fully refundable so even very low-income families could claim the full value. Making these changes permanent would decrease child poverty (as measured by the Supplemental Poverty Measure

September 7, 2021
Fact Sheet