The state of Colorado is considering implementing performance-based contracting (PBC) for its community corrections programs, which provide residential supervision and treatment for people convicted of felony offenses. The Colorado Department of Public Safety (DPS) contracted the Urban Institute to develop a set of risk-adjusted outcome measures, a proposed PBC payment model, and an implementation plan for

October 14, 2020
Research Report
 

As state and local governments face unprecedented budget deficits and households spend months unable to pay rent, funding for rental assistance has become increasingly important but difficult to come by. Policymakers, housing advocates, and practitioners should look beyond well-known and oversubscribed housing subsidies administered by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development to other federal programs

October 13, 2020
Brief
 

The 21st Century Cures Act of 2016 created a new Electronic Health Record (EHR) Reporting Program to provide publicly available, comparative information on certified health IT products and improve the health IT marketplace. The program will reflect developers’ and voluntary end users’ reporting of comparative information on certified health IT. This report concludes work to develop the user criteria as an

October 13, 2020
Research Report
 

Several candidates for the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination developed detailed Social Security plans, which illustrate the spectrum of reform approaches being considered by the party. This report examines Social Security proposals from Joe Biden, Pete Buttigieg, Amy Klobuchar, Bernie Sanders, and Elizabeth Warren and compares their projected impact on beneficiaries, taxpayers, and system solvency. All

October 13, 2020
Research Report
 

Steven M Rosenthal, senior fellow, testified before the US House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means, Oversight Subcommittee at a hearing on “Tax Fairness.” In his testimony, he examines President’s Trump’s reported taxes as a case study. Mr. Rosenthal assesses tax fairness through three perspectives: amount of taxes paid, business losses reported, and the ongoing IRS audit

October 13, 2020
Testimony
 

Many older Black people face significant financial challenges. Black adults age 65 and older receive only about half as much income as their white counterparts, and they are more than four times as likely to be impoverished. Shoring up Social Security’s finances, boosting Social Security payments to low-income beneficiaries, and expanding Supplemental Security Income would improve financial well-being for many

October 12, 2020
Research Report
 

This brief finds that participation in the Opportunity Works initiative increased the likelihood of opportunity youth enrolling in postsecondary programs and earning a postsecondary credential in South King County. Opportunity Works was a three-year effort led by JFF with the Aspen Institute Forum for Community Solutions to help opportunity youth—young people ages 16 to 24 not in school or meaningfully employed—

October 9, 2020
Brief
 

Financial coaching programs are increasingly popular services offered to help people with low and middle incomes navigate their finances. Despite these programs’ growing prevalence across the US, evidence about their effectiveness is still emerging. To add to the evidence base, Urban Institute staff evaluated a uniquely structured program in Delaware: $tand By Me ($BM). For the past decade, the state of

October 8, 2020
Research Report
 

Financial coaching programs are increasingly popular services offered to help people with low and middle incomes navigate their finances. Despite these programs’ growing prevalence, evidence about their effectiveness is still emerging. We evaluated a statewide public-private partnership financial coaching program in Delaware: $tand By Me ($BM). This fact sheet highlights the key findings from analysis of credit

October 8, 2020
Fact Sheet
 

In November 2020, the Supreme Court will hear oral arguments in California v. Texas, where the plaintiff argues that the entire ACA is unconstitutional in the absence of the individual mandate penalties. Researchers in the Urban Institute’s Health Policy Center have spent much of the past decade compiling evidence on how the ACA has affected individual and family health care coverage, access, and affordability,

October 8, 2020
Brief
 

Federal agencies are increasingly using evaluation and analytics to better understand their programs, partially motivated by the 2019 Evidence Act requirement to boost evidence capacity. Evaluation and analytics are often used to learn and disseminate findings about which programs effectively advance progress and which do not. However, evidence, including that from data analytics and evaluations, can also

October 8, 2020
Brief
 

Joe Biden has proposed increasing Social Security revenue, enhancing Social Security benefits, and expanding Supplemental Security Income, a program that provides cash benefits to low-income older adults and people with disabilities. Our projections show that his proposals would lift more than 1 million people out of poverty in 2021 and cut the poverty rate for adult Social Security beneficiaries over the coming

October 8, 2020
Brief
 

This brief explores how the federal government can invest in enhancements to the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program to fulfill the program’s unmet goal of ensuring low-income families can live in opportunity-rich neighborhoods. As the COVID-19 pandemic highlights and intensifies racial and economic inequalities in the United States, the urgency to identify scalable strategies to broaden geographic (and

October 7, 2020
Brief
 

All Americans need some form of transportation to access employment, education, health care, and other services. But not everyone has equal access to high-quality, reliable, and safe transportation. This fact sheet highlights recommendations for how to increase transportation equity from case studies of four metropolitan regions.

October 6, 2020
Fact Sheet
 

Transportation is key to accessing such opportunities as employment, education, and health care. But not everyone has equal access to high-quality, reliable, and safe transportation. Leaders making decisions about expanding or cutting transportation services often lack clear definitions and measures of equity with which to make these choices. In this report, we examine transportation equity and inclusion in

October 6, 2020
Research Report
 

Women are the fastest-growing incarcerated population in the United States. Despite this drastic increase, correctional institutions often lack awareness and understanding of the victimization that many—if not most—incarcerated women experience before incarceration (Bloom 2015). Many women bring past trauma into prison settings, where they often experience similar violence, abuse, and trauma. In 2017, the

October 5, 2020
Research Report
 

The U.S. Supreme Court is set to hold hearings on California v. Texas in November, a case in which the plaintiffs hope the court will invalidate the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in its entirety. The Trump administration has filed briefs in support of the plaintiffs, a group of state attorneys general led by Texas. The plaintiffs contend that the ACA is unconstitutional in light of the elimination of the individual

October 1, 2020
Brief
 

Though thousands of new mothers gained insurance coverage following implementation of the coverage provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014, there has been little documentation of changes in their health care access and affordability. This brief examines changes in access to and affordability of health care services for new mothers under the ACA using data from the National Health Interview Survey.

October 1, 2020
Brief
 

In this brief, we assess uninsurance among mothers and fathers living with young children from birth to age 5 using National Health Interview Survey data. More than 4 million parents living with young children—2.2 million mothers and 2.2 million fathers—were uninsured in 2017–18, representing a 40 percent decline in uninsurance since 2013, following implementation

October 1, 2020
Brief
 

Between 2013 and 2016, children’s uninsurance fell, their Medicaid/CHIP participation rate rose, and the number of children eligible for Medicaid/CHIP but uninsured declined, according to American Community Survey data. But these gains stalled in 2017 and 2018, as children’s uninsurance rose and program participation fell relative to their 2016 levels. In 2018, consistent with prior years, children’s uninsurance

October 1, 2020
Brief
 

The Urban Institute developed the Emergency Rental Assistance Priority (ERAP) Index and mapping tool to help local leaders conduct outreach and allocate emergency rental assistance to neighborhoods where low-income renters face the greatest risk of housing instability and homelessness during the COVID-19 pandemic. The tool was also designed to support an equitable response to the pandemic by accounting for risk

October 1, 2020
Brief
 

An initiative on the California state ballot this November would change the way local governments assess the value of commercial and industrial properties, aiming to create a fairer property tax system and raise badly needed revenue. But if passed, will the proposed tax system exacerbate California’s extreme housing shortage, as some of the initiative’s opponents argue? The property classification system

October 1, 2020
Research Report
 

Without intentionally changing custodial practices to consider women’s histories of victimization and reduce further trauma, correctional facilities will continue to trigger, retraumatize, and harm the women in their custody. This executive summary contains information about how departments of corrections (DOCs) and women’s prisons adapt operational philosophies and custodial practices to reduce trauma and

October 1, 2020
Brief
 

Without intentionally changing custodial practices to consider women’s histories of victimization and reduce further trauma, correctional facilities will continue to trigger, retraumatize, and harm the women in their custody. This report details how departments of corrections (DOCs) and women’s prisons adapt operational philosophies and custodial practices to reduce trauma and victimization. Most study

October 1, 2020
Research Report
 

This essay identifies four core elements that constitute a new corporate compact asking corporations to take a renewed focus on communities by creating new streams of community development finance that would help ameliorate neighborhood disparities by race and income. These elements are (1) an expansion of the Community Reinvestment Act to cover insurance companies, pension funds, investment firms, and other

October 1, 2020
Brief