Pay for success (PFS) shifts the risk of funding a program from traditional funders (usually a government) to investors that are repaid if the intervention achieves predetermined outcomes. PFS doesn’t work for all programs or in all contexts (Milner et al. 2016). At a minimum, practitioners need to decide whether expected outcomes can be measured and agree upon a performance threshold for repayment. Effectively addressing these

October 2, 2019
Brief
 

A collaborative planning team (CPT) is essential for managing the data-related aspects of a project, including those funded through Pay for Success (PFS) or another performance-based financing structure. A CPT is composed of stakeholders with access to administrative data from multiple service systems and could be tasked with gathering and analyzing linked data, understanding the population needs across systems or how services

October 2, 2019
Brief
 

Groups interested in launching collaborative interventions that span different service sectors need to find ways to build trust and share data and insights. Gathering and analyzing administrative data across agencies and programs can be enormously powerful. Sharing administrative data can help groups better target services, identify and eliminate inefficiencies, expand evidence-based programs, and implement performance-based

October 2, 2019
Brief
 

Permanent supportive housing helps solve our country’s homelessness crisis by improving housing stability and reducing the use of public services. The permanent supportive housing approach is backed up by promising evidence, but it can face barriers to implementation because of a lack of political will and budgetary constraints. Some local governments are exploring a financing model called pay for success (PFS), which

October 2, 2019
Brief
 

From January 2018 to March 2019, the Urban Institute evaluated the Polyvictimization Initiative at the Queens Family Justice Center (QFJC) by request of the Mayor’s Fund to Advance New York City (Mayor’s Fund). The initiative aimed to improve service delivery for polyvictim clients as part of a demonstration grant from the US Department of Justice Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), called “A Pathway to Justice, Healing and Hope

October 2, 2019
Research Report
 

This series of fact sheets uses data from the Urban Institute’s 2018 Survey of Family Planning and Women’s Lives, a nationally representative survey of women ages 18 to 44. These 2-page fact sheets describe women’s frequency of birth control use, current birth control methods, barriers to birth control, factors important to method choice, and women’s perceptions of birth control. The series covers birth control use among low-

October 1, 2019
Fact Sheet
 

Many students are enrolled in segregated school systems with unequal access to resources. In this report, we present a measure that can help policymakers identify the schools in their system that are contributing the most to segregation. How our measure differs from traditional metrics Much research on segregation relies on an absolute measure of segregation, which evaluates exposure and isolation between students of different

September 27, 2019
Research Report
 

HFPC Vice President Laurie Goodman testified before the US House of Representatives’ Financial Services Subcommittee on Housing, Community Development and Insurance during a hearing that reviewed the Federal Housing Administrations’ Home Equity Conversion Mortgage Program. Her testimony explains the value of the HECM program, makes suggestions for how the program can be improved and outlines options for Congress on how to ensure

September 25, 2019
Testimony
 

Created by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, the federal government’s latest economic development incentive, Opportunity Zones, is currently in the beginning stages of implementation. While it has the potential to stimulate significant cash flow across the country, its success partially depends on localized execution. Restrictions on what investments qualify are light compared to other federal programs. Because of the

September 25, 2019
Brief
 

The September 2019 edition of At A Glance, the Housing Finance Policy Center’s reference guide for mortgage and housing market data, includes updated figures describing the value and size of the US housing market, non-agency MBS issuance, national mortgage affordability and mortgage loans near or in negative equity. Housing Finance at a Glance: Monthly Chartbooks Archive

September 25, 2019
Research Report
 

Several states have sought, and some received, the administration’s approval to require some Medicaid beneficiaries, including parents with children at home, to engage in and report on work or designated work-related activities to remain eligible for Medicaid. Some parents may need child care to comply with these Medicaid work requirements. This report explores what is known about the child care challenges they may face and

September 25, 2019
Research Report
 

State government tax revenues rebounded in the first quarter of 2019 after declines in the fourth quarter of 2018. However, year-over-year growth was substantially weaker in the first quarter of 2019 than in the final quarter of 2017 and the first three quarters of 2018. Most of the recent weakness was attributable to personal income tax declines. State personal income taxes declined for the second consecutive quarter,

September 24, 2019
Research Report
 

Kilolo Kijakazi, Institute fellow, testified before the US House of Representatives Financial Services Subcommittee on Diversity and Inclusion during a hearing that examined the racial and gender wealth gap in America. Her testimony emphasized that the racial wealth gap was created by policies, programs, and institutional practices and that effective solutions required more expansive data collection on wealth and bold, equitable

September 24, 2019
Testimony
 

Matthew Chingos provided testimony for the United States House of Representatives Committee on Education and Labor’s Subcommittee on Higher Education and Workforce Investment during a hearing titled “Broken Promises: Examining the Failed Implementation of the Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program.” The testimony highlighted the complexities of the Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program (PSLF) and explained why the data don’t

September 19, 2019
Testimony
 

The Welfare Rules Databook provides tables containing key Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) policies for each state as of July 2018, as well as longitudinal tables describing selected state policies from 1996 through 2018. The tables are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database tracking state cash assistance policies over time and across the 50 states and

September 19, 2019
Research Report
 

Expanding access to effective treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) is essential to staunching the opioid epidemic. This brief is one of the first studies to assess patient access to treatment services for OUD at facilities that offer OUD pharmacotherapy across New Jersey. We conducted phone surveys in 2018 with substance use treatment facilities in New Jersey. This brief presents data about specific treatment service

September 18, 2019
Brief
 

To support contemporary efforts among energy-efficiency programs in their consideration of equity and its measurement—as well as growing national calls for equitable “green deals” and related policies, this paper explores the discourse around equity, and explores definitions and measurement schemes for equity in service fields that could apply to energy efficiency. The review finds that the state of equity definitions and

September 18, 2019
Research Report
 

The January 2021 GSE patch expiration is an opportunity to update the qualified mortgage (QM) rule to make it work better for future borrowers. Evidence presented in this brief shows that the debt-to-income (DTI) ratio is a weaker predictor of default than other risk measures and that its centrality to the current QM rule distorts the market by misrepresenting true loan risk. We recommend that the Consumer Financial Protection

September 17, 2019
Public Comment
 

Public spending on children aims to support their healthy development and help them fulfill their human potential. As such, federal spending on children is an investment in the nation’s future. To inform policymakers, children’s advocates, and the general public about how public funds are spent on children, this 13th edition of the annual Kids’ Share report provides an updated analysis of federal expenditures on children from

September 17, 2019
Research Report
 

This report tells the story of the first 30 years of Mary’s Center, documenting its evolution from a basement clinic to a nationally recognized federally qualified health center serving nearly 55,000 participants in 2018. Mary’s Center’s ongoing experience provides a useful framework for understanding the benefits and opportunities of providing comprehensive medical, social, and educational services in underresourced communities

September 16, 2019
Research Report
 

This brief explores state variation in health insurance coverage changes during implementation of the primary health insurance coverage reforms of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) using data from the 2013 and 2017 American Community Survey. We summarize this state variation using a typology that groups states according to their pre-ACA uninsurance levels, Medicaid expansion status, and efforts to encourage marketplace enrollment.

September 13, 2019
Brief
 

Youth are valuable assets to their communities; however, they are often left out of decisionmaking and go unheard. Local organizations in the National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership are taking innovative approaches to introducing youth to the power of data and ways to leverage information to advocate for the change they want in their communities. They demonstrate the range of ways to support youth voices—from training

September 13, 2019
Brief
 

To improve the finances of the Teacher Retirement System of Texas, which serves almost 1.5 million workers and retirees, Texas Governor Greg Abbott signed legislation in spring 2019 that gradually raises plan contributions by the state, school districts, and employees. Additional contribution hikes may be necessary to close the plan’s funding gap, however, if optimistic actuarial and investment assumptions about the future fail

September 13, 2019
Research Report