In this brief, we estimate the revenue and distributional effects of former vice president Joe Biden’s 2020 campaign tax proposals, based on information released by the Biden campaign and conversations with campaign staff. We analyze Biden’s proposals as of February 23, 2020. Biden would increase income and payroll taxes on high-income individuals and increase income taxes on corporations. He would increase federal
An examination of the status of the US mortgage market in preparing for the transition at the end of 2021 from the LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate) to the SOFR (the Secured Overnight Financing Rate) index; LIBOR is the index used to set interest rates on mortgages and millions of other financial contracts. The authors see signs of progress, albeit less than might have been expected. They believe that many market
Work-based learning (WBL) as an important strategy for helping students prepare for and access good jobs. Across the country and at all levels of government, efforts are underway to expand and diversify WBL. Because they enroll diverse student bodies and providing career-focused education and training, community colleges are poised to play a role in these efforts. This brief explores the current state of knowledge about WBL in
These fact sheets are a companion to the report, Supporting Community College Learners Online. The fact sheets highlight key findings in two areas: Promising practices for community college staff, administrators, and policymakers to consider as part of their efforts to support and improve outcomes for online learners at community colleges; and Five key knowledge gaps that need to be addressed to effectively support community
Online enrollment at public two-year colleges has increased over the last decade and is expected to continue expanding in response to a changing labor market that requires frequent job changes and upskilling. Fully online courses and degree programs can provide accessible and flexible options for learners, but some studies have pointed to challenges with course completion for online students. Community colleges need to identify
Background We describe contraception use by race and ethnicity before and after the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and assess the relationship between insurance coverage and prescription contraception use in both periods. Study Design Using data for women ages 15 to 45 at risk of unintended pregnancy from the 2006–2010 and 2015–2017 National Surveys of Family Growth, we examined changes in patterns of contraception use over time
In many places in the United States, people with low incomes live far from available jobs, and employers cannot find workers to fill open positions. This gap between where jobs are located and where job seekers live is referred to as “spatial mismatch,” and it can harm both employers and potential workers. Rental assistance programs, such as public housing and housing vouchers, could help people live closer to available jobs and
This article from Police Chief magazine summarizes a recent Urban Institute study that examined gunshot detection technology (GDT) in three cities: Denver, Colorado; Milwaukee, Wisconsin; and Richmond, California. With funding from the National Institute of Justice, the study examined the degree to which the technology supports officer response, investigation, and prevention of gun violence and related crimes using a
This report presents findings from a process evaluation of two summer programs for young people in New York City: Playstreets and VIBE (Vibrant Interactions by Engagement). Playstreets is a drop-in summer program for 5-to-14-year-olds that has recently added more structure to its programming model. VIBE, focused on 14-to-24-year-olds, is based around production and presentation of art and community-based projects for
The past decade has brought significant developments in efforts to close equity gaps for young men of color—but additional progress must be made. This report tracks 10 years of progress on increasing economic opportunity for young men of color. It highlights the voices of young men and lifts up seven new and promising approaches: changing narratives, intervening early, empowering young men of color to lead, promoting mental
The past decade has brought significant developments in efforts to close equity gaps for young men of color—but additional progress must be made. This brief, a summary of our research report “Exploring Approaches to Increase Economic Opportunity for Young Men of Color: A 10-Year Review,” aims to advance the conversation on increasing economic opportunity for young men of color. Our goals are to track progress, share important
Nancy La Vigne, vice president for justice policy, testified before the House Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security at a hearing on reentry. Her testimony highlighted the need for holistic, tailored, and community-led approaches to better support the individuals, families, and communities that bear the brunt of mass incarceration.
The February 2020 edition of At A Glance, the Housing Finance Policy Center’s reference guide for mortgage and housing market data, includes updated figures describing first lien mortgage originations, the shares of loans in serious delinquency and foreclosure, and mortgage insurance activity. Housing Finance at a Glance: Monthly Chartbooks Archive
Sandy Baum, a nonresident senior fellow, testified before the New Jersey Senate Higher Education Committee. Her testimony highlighted research on online degree offerings by institutions of higher education and the impact on vulnerable students.
State and local government tax revenues showed normal growth in the third quarter of 2019 after declines in the fourth quarter of 2018, much weaker growth in the first quarter of 2019, and robust growth in the second quarter of 2019. Most of the volatility in the prior quarters was attributable to the TCJA. Preliminary data for the fourth quarter of 2019 indicate continued growth in overall state tax revenue collections.
The 2020 Census will provide critical data for congressional apportionment, federal, state and local redistricting, and appropriation of federal funds across states and communities. This brief draws on data from the December 2019 Well-Being and Basic Needs Survey to assess attitudes toward and concerns about the 2020 Census just before counting began. We find the following: Though more than three-quarters (77.2 percent
Practitioners and policymakers understand that improving economic well-being among families with low incomes requires treating the causes: financial insecurity, joblessness, low-wage jobs, and expensive housing costs. This report is written for practitioners, policymakers, and researchers who are looking for ways to bring research to practice. The report identifies proven, promising, and emerging practices in the areas of
Practitioners and policymakers understand that improving economic well-being among families with low incomes requires treating the causes: financial insecurity, joblessness, low-wage jobs, and expensive housing costs. This fact sheet highlights a few proven, promising, and emerging practices in the areas of financial security, workforce development, housing, and case management and their outcomes. For the full report with
Elisabeth Jacobs, senior fellow, testified before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Education and Labor, Worker Protections Subcommittee at a hearing on “Balancing Work, Health, and Family: The Case for Expanding the Family and Medical Leave Act.” Her testimony highlighted research on the FMLA and paid leave policies.
In June 2019, New Hampshire began requiring beneficiaries to report work and community engagement hours as a condition of eligibility for its Medicaid expansion program, Granite Advantage, becoming the second state to do so following Arkansas’ work requirements implemented a year earlier. Though state officials implemented numerous strategies to try and avoid the problems experienced in Arkansas – where over 18,000 Medicaid
Most states provide less generous pensions to teachers hired in 2018 than to teachers hired in 2008. Over the past decade, 43 states raised the contributions that teachers must make to their retirement plan or cut the retirement benefits they will receive. Nearly one-half of state teacher plans raised the age at which teachers can begin collecting their pension, and nearly one-third reduced the share of salary that a pension
The Labor–Health and Human Services (HHS)–Education appropriations bill sets federal funding levels for important programs supporting our nation’s children. The Kids’ Share research team tracked four successive versions of the funding proposal: the president’s budget; the House bill, the Senate draft bill, and the final conference agreement signed into law in late December 2019. This analysis finds that Congress increased
Urban school districts regularly find themselves at the center of education reform efforts because of large gaps in academic performance between students based on income, race, and ethnicity. Since 2002, the National Center for Education Statistics has tracked the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) scores of select urban school districts through the Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA). But interpretation of
Colorado has one of the nation’s worst-funded public retirement systems, but recent legislative reforms could improve its financial outlook. These reforms do not, however, address inequities in the distribution of pension benefits across the teacher workforce. The system provides substantial retirement benefits to teachers who spend their entire career in Colorado classrooms, but it provides meager benefits to teachers with
The Local Initiatives Support Corporation (LISC) AmeriCorps program offers individuals the opportunity to serve communities and engage with residents while also developing skills that can benefit their future career paths and educational goals. But how do program placement sites and local LISC offices ensure these members have a positive experience and see lasting benefits from their service? This study, the second consecutive