Research Report The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act: Searching for Supply-side Effects
William G. Gale, Claire Haldeman
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The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA) instituted the most substantial changes in taxation in decades and was designed to boost the economy via supply-side incentives. This paper reviews these changes and examines the impacts on economic aggregates through 2019. The Act clearly reduced revenue. The effect on GDP is difficult to tease out of the data. Investment growth rose after TCJA was enacted but was driven by trends in aggregate demand, oil prices, and intellectual capital that were unrelated to TCJA’s supply-side incentives. Growth in business formation, employment, and median wages slowed after TCJA was enacted. International profit shifting fell only slightly, and the boost in repatriated profits primarily led to increased share repurchases rather than new investment.

Research Areas Taxes and budgets
Tags Federal budget and economy Federal tax issues and reform proposals
Policy Centers Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center