Research Report State Immigration Enforcement Policies
How They Impact Low-Income Households
Julia Gelatt, Heather Koball, Hamutal Bernstein, Charmaine Runes, Eleanor Pratt
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The Trump administration promises a changed policy environment for immigrant families, including a renewed focus on detecting and removing unauthorized immigrants. In many ways, this is recreating the immigration policy context of 2005–10. To highlight potential implications of new policies, we studied how state policy choices in that period affected the well-being of US households. We found that as states increased immigration enforcement efforts, both legal and unauthorized low-income immigrant households with children experienced increased material hardship, with no countervailing benefits for US-citizen households. These findings have implications for the 1-in-10 US children who have a noncitizen parent.

Research Areas Immigration
Tags Immigrant access to the safety net Immigrant children, families, and communities Immigrant communities demographics and trends Federal, state, and local immigration and integration policy Mixed-status immigrant families
Policy Centers Income and Benefits Policy Center