Research Report Building a Housing Justice Framework
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Second Edition
Bill Pitkin, Katie Elder, Danielle DeRuiter-Williams
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Having a safe, affordable, and quality place to call home is fundamental to individual, family, and community life. Across the US, however, people and communities experience high rates of housing insecurity, a reality fueled by historical and ongoing discriminatory practices and racist housing policies. To remedy these and other inequities, a growing number of advocates, organizers, policymakers, and researchers are calling for a structural overhaul of the country’s housing system. They aim to dismantle the factors that contribute to housing instability, so that everyone—regardless of their race, income, gender identity, disability, and/or sexuality—can live in a safe, affordable home.

This report explores the concept of “housing justice” as a framework for confronting and repairing housing inequality and community harm on a structural level. We unpack key principles and precedents of the housing justice framework, arriving at our definition of housing justice: "Ensuring everyone has affordable housing that promotes health, well-being, and upward mobility by confronting historical and ongoing harms and disparities caused by structural racism and other systems of oppression.”

With an eye toward existing scholarship, policy, and advocacy, we also review a selection of housing justice resources from the Housing Justice Library as a basis for informing and expanding Urban's definition of housing justice. Bringing this framework into practice, we also examine several policies and programs (land use and zoning, rental subsidies/vouchers, fair tenant screening practices, and reparations) through the lens of housing justice—including where each may align with, or fall short of, the guiding principles of housing justice.

Altogether, this framework aims to strengthen our toolkit for addressing housing injustice, a social problem that impacts all systems and that is rooted in historical and current structural racism.

Research Areas Economic mobility and inequality Housing Neighborhoods, cities, and metros Wealth and financial well-being Race and equity
Tags Housing stability Housing subsidies Racial and ethnic disparities Housing vouchers and mobility Fair housing and housing discrimination Racial segregation Racial homeownership gap Racial wealth gap Housing affordability Homelessness
Policy Centers Metropolitan Housing and Communities Policy Center