Tracking COVID-19’s Effects by Race and Ethnicity: Questionnaire Two
Updates on People’s Health, Housing, and Livelihoods since August 19, 2020
See full series here
With more than 200 million Americans having received COVID-19 vaccinations, some precautionary measures have lifted and the economy is beginning to recover. But that recovery is not being felt equally. Communities of color—Black and Latinx communities especially—continue to bear the brunt of the pandemic’s effects, and structural challenges are disproportionately hindering these communities from accessing vaccines. Moreover, with new COVID-19 variants and lingering vaccine hesitancy, Americans’ health remains in jeopardy.
Soon after the pandemic hit, we created a tool that used data from the first round of the federal Household Pulse Survey to track its effects by race and ethnicity on people’s health, housing, and livelihoods. This tool continues to monitor these effects using the second and third rounds of Household Pulse Survey data. As the nation’s uneven recovery continues, policymakers and practitioners can use these data to design race-conscious solutions that address widening racial disparities and unequal recovery efforts.
What are these charts showing?
The Household Pulse Survey introduced questionnaire two with its second round of data collection between August 19 and October 26, 2020, and completed its third round of data collection between October 28, 2020, and March 29, 2021. A continuation of the third round (phase 3.1) began on April 14 and ended on July 5, 2021, and a second continuation of the third round (phase 3.2) began on July 21. Both the second and third rounds collected biweekly data from US adults regarding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on themselves and their households. These charts show those data within states and large cities for all respondents and by race and ethnicity. In many cases, the race- and ethnicity-specific data are imprecisely estimated with large margins of error, and we cannot conclude that they differ statistically from the state or city averages. Averages that do not differ statistically from overall averages are displayed in the charts as transparent blue, gray, or green. In a few cases, no data were collected and no race or ethnicity average is shown. The data in this feature can be downloaded from the Urban Institute data catalog, and more information about the data can be found in the technical appendix.