The nationwide uprising against police violence in the wake of George Floyd’s murder by a Minneapolis police officer sparked new conversations about the scope and role of policing. Evidence shows that there are a variety of promising solutions to address violence that do not rely on police, and a growing number of jurisdictions are considering and adopting new public safety strategies. DC has urgent public safety challenges, including rising incidents of gun violence and recovering from the COVID-19 pandemic. At the same time, residents continue to experience physical, psychological, and neighborhood-level harms associated with policing. Building up new safety infrastructure and reducing overall reliance on police can simultaneously promote public safety and reduce the harms of overpolicing in DC. This brief was produced as a companion to the DC Fiscal Policy Institute’s “Understanding the DC Police Budget” tool.