Research Report San Diego’s City Heights Initiative
Subtitle
A Long-Term Impact Evaluation of a Comprehensive Community Initiative
Brett Theodos
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San Diego’s City Heights Initiative—a comprehensive community initiative—has directly invested or leveraged more than $200 million into the City Heights community since 1995. One of nation's oldest and largest place-based efforts, the Initiative has five focus areas: retail and community facilities; education, youth services, and scholarships; public safety and beautification; housing; and employment and human services. This report uses the synthetic control method to conduct the first impact assessment of the Initiative. The City Heights Initiative caused significant population increases. The neighborhood’s economic standing, whether measured by incomes, poverty rates, home values, or rents, was little changed relative to the counterfactual. It is possible that the City Heights community functioned as a “launchpad” neighborhood with successive waves of new residents joining the neighborhood, benefiting from it, and moving away, leaving the economics of the place unchanged as they are replaced by newcomers.

This report was updated on January 25, 2022, to correct an error we made when creating table 2. The “population older than 65” values are 16 percent (not 23 percent), 11 percent (not 22 percent), and 6 percent (not 31 percent).

Research Areas Nonprofits and philanthropy Neighborhoods, cities, and metros Race and equity
Tags Foundations and philanthropy Community and economic development Racial inequities in neighborhoods and community development
Policy Centers Metropolitan Housing and Communities Policy Center