This report estimates the benefits and costs of alternative forms of state-funded medical reinsurance in Washington using the Urban Institute's Reinsurance Model. A subsidy targeted at all small firms would substantially increase primary coverage but would be very expensive, as most benefit would flow to already insured people. Targeting the conventional small group market by excluding association health plans would reduce state cost per newly uninsured person and would bolster existing regulatory requirements for that sector;s insurers to use modified community rating. Any practical program also needs to identify secure funding and maintain cost consciousness among newly reinsured health plans.
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