Fact Sheet An Overview of Stories from Applicants to the Excluded Workers Fund
Luis H. Gallardo, Elaine Waxman, David Dyssegaard Kallick, Poonam Gupta, Paola Echave, Julio Salas, Hamutal Bernstein
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Fact sheets
English
(130.69 KB)
عربى (Arabic)
(280.43 KB)
বাঙালি (Bengali)
(209.01 KB)
中文 (Chinese)
(249.55 KB)
한국어 (Korean)
(378.39 KB)
Español (Spanish)
(114.96 KB)

Although expanded unemployment insurance played a large role in decreasing the number of people living in poverty during the COVID-19 pandemic, millions—most notably undocumented workers—were excluded from these benefits. The New York State Excluded Workers Fund (EWF) is the most notable example of legislation to address this gap. Passed in April 2021, the EWF approved 130,000 excluded workers to receive financial support that roughly equaled the average total amount unemployed workers eligible for unemployment compensation received, approximately $15,600 per person. To understand the experiences of workers who applied for EWF and of those that did not receive benefits from the fund, we conducted 15 interviews with workers in English, Spanish, Bangla, and Korean and 9 interviews with staff from community-based organizations serving various populations in New York and providing crucial application assistance.

We found that those who received the fund used it to make ends meet during a period of severe job loss by

  • paying back rent and other bills;
  • repaying debt incurred during the pandemic;
  • stabilizing or improving their housing conditions;
  • paying for basic needs like food;
  • investing in their children and education;
  • taking care of their health and paying for medical expenses;
  • expanding employment opportunities; and
  • increasing excluded workers’ sense of dignity

We found that workers who applied but did not receive the fund because of difficulties providing the required documentation faced

  • continuing stress around unstable income;
  • debt burden; and
  • other dire circumstances.

The New York State Department of Labor quickly and effectively adopted the EWF, but ultimately, the fund ran out of money more quickly than anticipated. Although the fund was a high-impact intervention for those who benefitted, it has not provided solutions to the ongoing instability that accompanies a lack of lawful permanent status in the US.

Research Areas Immigrants and immigration Social safety net
Tags Immigrant access to the safety net Immigrant children, families, and communities Unemployment and unemployment insurance
Policy Centers Income and Benefits Policy Center
Research Methods Qualitative data analysis