Brief National Paid Sick Leave: Achieving Universal Worker Coverage
Jack Smalligan, Chantel Boyens
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A growing number of states and localities are adopting paid sick leave laws, a trend that has accelerated during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, proposals to enact permanent federal paid sick leave often run into concerns over costs to small businesses and staffing disruptions. As a result, many existing laws and proposals exempt small employers, leaving out 20 percent of more of the workforce. However, research suggests access to paid sick leave carries a host of important benefits for individuals, employers, public health, the economy and government spending. To address cost concerns, we offer a modified version of the reimbursement mechanism used in the Families First Coronavirus Response Act to allow employers to anticipate their paid sick leave costs and access federal reimbursement quickly for above-average costs.

Research Areas Health and health care Wealth and financial well-being Social safety net
Tags Families with low incomes Disability and long-term care Wages and nonwage compensation Disabilities and employment Workers in low-wage jobs Mobility Disability Insurance
Policy Centers Income and Benefits Policy Center