Research Report Key Cross-State Variations in CCDF Policies as of October 1, 2019
The CCDF Policies Database Book of Tables
Kelly Dwyer, Sarah Minton, Danielle Kwon, Kennedy Weisner
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The Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) provides federal money to States, Territories, and Tribes to subsidize the cost of child care for low-income working families. Detailed policies vary widely across jurisdictions, with States, Territories, and Tribes establishing different policies for:

  • Eligibility requirements for families and children
  • Application, waiting list, and redetermination requirements
  • Family copayment policies
  • Provider requirements and reimbursement rates

Whether families are eligible for child care assistance and how much assistance they receive depends in large part on the policies set by each jurisdiction. This report describes the ways in which policies vary within the context of the federal program requirements and includes dozens of detailed tables showing each State’s/Territory’s policy choices for October 1, 2019.  The report also includes longitudinal tables showing how selected policies have changed in recent years.

The information in the report is taken from the CCDF Policies Database project, which produces a comprehensive, up-to-date database of CCDF policies for the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and five U.S. Territories and outlying areas. The database contains hundreds of variables designed to capture CCDF policies across time, allowing users to access policy information for a specific point in time as well as to see how and when policies change over time. The full database can be accessed at

Research Areas Education Families Social safety net Children and youth
Tags Families with low incomes Poverty Welfare and safety net programs Economic well-being State programs, budgets Child care Parenting Work supports Early childhood education Kids in context Child care and workers Child care and early childhood education
Policy Centers Income and Benefits Policy Center