Research Report The Impact of SNAP Able Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWD) Time Limit Reinstatement in Nine States
Laura Wheaton, Tracy Vericker, Jonathan Schwabish, Theresa Anderson, Kevin Baier Baier, Joseph Gasper, Nathan Sick, Kevin Werner
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This report examines the reinstatement of time limits on SNAP participation for able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) following the Great Recession. This report focuses on how reinstatement of time limits impacted ABAWD employment, annual wages, and program participation. Methods include descriptive and regressive analysis of administrative data, analysis of linked SNAP-Unemployment Insurance data, sensitivity analysis of key findings, and interviews with regional SNAP directors.

Key finding include:

  • Reinstatement of the ABAWD time limit substantially reduced SNAP participation among those subject to the time limit.
  • The largest reduction typically occurred between the 3rd and 4th month of time limit reinstatement, the first month in which participants could lose SNAP.
  • There was no evidence that the ABAWD time limit increased employment or annual earnings.
Research Areas Social safety net
Tags Workers in low-wage jobs Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Hunger and food assistance
Policy Centers Income and Benefits Policy Center