In October 2019, the Urban Institute and the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities launched the Future of Public Housing Initiative. The initiative kicked off with a convening of practitioners, policymakers, and public housing resident leaders—the latter a group often excluded from policy discussions. Attendees shared viewpoints on the state of public housing, including challenges and priority areas for change. This brief summarizes the key issues facing public housing and synthesizes the viewpoints of event attendees, acknowledging points of consensus and disagreement. Discussions converged around the importance of preserving public housing as a vital resource, including residents as decisionmakers in discussions around renovation and redevelopment, and addressing racial segregation through neighborhood investments and mobility options. A final section outlines next steps for developing policy guidance for practitioners and policymakers.