Research Report A Descriptive Study of Tribal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Programs
Heather Hahn, Olivia Healy, Walter Hillabrant, Chris Narducci
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This study provides an in-depth, systematic look at program implementation, operations, outputs, and outcomes in four diverse Tribal TANF programs, and identifies promising practices and areas for further study. Overall, the study found that tribes use the flexibility of Tribal TANF to create diverse programs that reflect their unique circumstances, opportunities, and cultures. Elements of tribal culture were evident in the way program staff and clients interacted and in the types of activities in which clients were engaged. The Tribal TANF programs examined in the study generally focus on the broad goal of self-sufficiency, beyond the narrower goal of employment.

Research Areas Education Social safety net Workforce
Tags Workforce development Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Welfare and safety net programs Public service and subsidized employment programs Rural people and places Native Populations
Policy Centers Center on Labor, Human Services, and Population