Fact Sheet Creating a Safety Net That Works When the Economy Doesn't: The Role of the Food Stamp and TANF Programs - Summary
LaDonna Pavetti, Dorothy Rosenbaum
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The Food Stamp Program and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program have responded very differently to the unprecedented challenges that the current recession has posed to the nation's safety net. The Food Stamp Program, a federal entitlement program, has responded quickly to rising need: nationally, caseloads have increased by 4.6 million households since the beginning of the downturn. TANF, a fixed block grant provided directly to the states, has lagged behind: caseloads have increased by just 10 percent. For both programs, the recession has highlighted areas needing improvement to strengthen the safety net for this and future recessions.
Research Areas Social safety net
Tags Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Welfare and safety net programs Hunger and food assistance Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
Policy Centers Center on Labor, Human Services, and Population