Access to affordable health insurance coverage helps people obtain necessary health care services. For women, in addition to general preventive and curative care, necessary care may include family planning, contraception, preconception, prenatal, maternity, and postpartum care throughout their reproductive years. Access to contraception, in particular, has been linked to broad economic benefits for women and their families. Moreover, mothers’ health and well-being can affect their children’s short- and long-term circumstances, making women’s ability to access affordable coverage and care even more important.
The Affordable Care Act established several provisions aimed at reducing the uninsurance rate, and the number of uninsured women of reproductive age in the United States fell from 12.7 million in 2013 to 7.5 million in 2017. Still, some women had high uninsurance rates in 2017, including women of color, single mothers, noncitizens, women with low incomes, women with a high school degree or less education, and those living in states that did not expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act.
We created fact sheets on health insurance coverage among women of reproductive age (15 to 44) in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Using data from the 2017 American Community Survey, these fact sheets provide details on the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of women with the highest uninsurance rates in each state and the District of Columbia. In 40 states, the fact sheets also provide the state-specific breakdown of potential eligibility for financial assistance obtaining coverage among uninsured women in 2017.
For information on data and methods, along with national estimates of health insurance coverage among women of reproductive age in 2017, download the technical appendix, “Insurance Coverage among Women of Reproductive Age, 2017.”