Interactive Data Tools

State Tax Data Subscriptions

Because the State and Local Finance Initiative regularly collects fiscal data from all 50 states and updates older official statistics to reflect actual state numbers, we are the only source for a range of accurate, up-to-date information on state fiscal performance. Subscribe to gain direct access to various datasets (see the Data Subscriptions page for more details). State government fiscal agencies can subscribe free of charge. All subscriptions include data access for twelve months from the purchase date.

State and Local Finance Data Query System

This program allows flexible presentation of data from the Census of Governments State and Local Finance series. That series contains detailed revenue, expenditure, and debt variables for the United States, each of the 50 states, and the District of Columbia from 1977 to 2016. The data are available by type of government: state, local, combined state and local totals, and more detailed local government totals (e.g., municipal, township). All local data presented are state aggregates of finance data for the selected government level. Users can view the data along five dimensions (total, per capita, fraction of personal income, fraction of general revenue, and fraction of total expenditures) and in real or nominal dollars. This tool is useful for comparative, single-state, or time-series analysis.

Earned Income Tax Credit Interactive Database

This interactive database provides IRS data on low-income federal individual income tax return filers. Use geographic filters to find and download data for specific ZIP codes, states, cities and towns, counties, metropolitan divisions, state legislative districts, and congressional districts.

What Everyone Should Know About Their State's Budget

Why do some states spend more on prisons than on public higher education? Why do others spend less on K–12 education than on Medicaid? In this tool, you’ll see the spending per capita breakdown for all states and the District of Columbia across all major functional categories. It allows you to see how each state ranks, and you can sort by any factor you choose.

State Economic Monitor

The State and Local Finance Initiative's State Economic Monitor tracks and analyzes economic and fiscal trends at the state level. Its interactive graphics highlight particular differences across all 50 states and the District of Columbia in employment, wages, housing, and taxes. Each section is updated when new data are released. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics updates the "Employment" and "Earnings" data monthly. The Federal Housing Finance Agency updates the "Housing" data quarterly, and the US Census Bureau updates the "Taxes" data quarterly.

Fiscal Facts

Information tables for citizens, policymakers, analysts, legislators, and the media. Data come from various sources, including the Census of Governments, Federation of Tax Administrators, and state tax codes.

School Funding: Do Poor Kids Get Their Fair Share?

Whether most education funds go to low-income students or to nonpoor students depends on the interaction of multiple funding streams, policies, and the demographic structure of the state and its districts. Urban’s interactive feature explains how and why each state’s education spending differs.

Financing Public Higher Education

A national agenda to reduce barriers to college requires a clearer understanding of how students' opportunities differ by state. This dashboard -- with enrollment, funding, and tuition data -- illustrates those differences and how they have changed over time.

Net Income Change Calculator

How much will a low-income family's benefits from safety-net programs go down if it earns more money? How much will its state and federal income and payroll taxes change? How much will the family's total income increase? The Net Income Change Calculator (NICC) allows users to specify a scenario to test and then shows the results for all 50 states and the District of Columbia.  Safety-net programs incorporated into the calculations include Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly the Food Stamp Program), housing vouchers, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, and child care subsidies through the Child Care and Development Fund.

The NICC uses 2008 tax laws and benefit rules, capturing both the detailed rules of each program and the complex interactions across programs. 

The State of Retirement: Grading America's Public Pension Plans

The pension report card and interactive map grade state-administered retirement plans on

  • their financing,
  • how much retirement security they provide to short- and long-term employees, and
  • the workforce incentives they create for younger, older, and midcareer employees

Results are based on the Urban Institute’s State and Local Employee Pension Plan database, which includes detailed state-by-state information on plan rules for public school teachers, police officers and firefighters, and general state and local government employees.

The Welfare Rules Database

The Welfare Rules Database provides the information needed to compare cash assistance programs between states, examine changes in cash assistance rules within a single state, or simply find the most up-to-date information on the rules governing cash assistance in one state. The database includes Aid to Families with Depending Children/Temporary Assistance for Needy Families rules in effect for all 50 states and the District of Columbia, by state, from  1996 through 2013.