Interactive Data Tools

How the COVID-19 Pandemic is Transforming State Budgets

The COVID-19 pandemic and resulting recession have dramatically reshaped state economies and budgets. But the severity of the pandemic and economic downturn varies significantly across states, creating unique economic and political pressures. We collected health, economic, and fiscal data for all 50 states and the District of Columbia to show how each individual state has changed during this crisis and suggest what might be needed for recovery.

Monitoring State Unemployment Insurance Claims during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Compared with prior economic downturns, the rapid spike in Unemployment Insurance initial claims amid the COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented. We're tracking Unemployment Insurance claims as a share of each state's adult population and comparing states' total initial claims since mid-March to total claims in the prior three recessions. This interactive data visualization tool will be updated every Thursday when the US Department of Labor releases new data.

State and Local Finance Data: Exploring the Census of Governments

This interactive data tool lets users to easily find, customize, and download data from the Census of Governments State and Local Finance series. That series contains detailed revenue, expenditure, and debt variables for the United States, the 50 states, and the District of Columbia, from 1977 to 2017. Users can also search data by type of government: state, local, combined state and local totals, and more detailed local governments (e.g., municipal, special district). All local data presented are state aggregates of finance data for the selected government level. Users can view the data along five dimensions (total, per capita, fraction of personal income, fraction of general revenue, and fraction of total expenditures) and in real or nominal dollars. This tool is useful for comparative, single-state, or time-series analysis.

State Economic Monitor

In the State and Local Finance Initiative's updated State Economic Monitor we added the ability to customize and highlight information from the states you specifically care about, all using an intuitive user interface. The updated tool now features state gross domestic product (GDP) data and more employment datasets, in addition to the employment, earnings, and housing data featured in the previous version. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics updates the employment and earnings data monthly. The Federal Housing Finance Agency updates the housing data quarterly. The Bureau of Economic Analysis updates the GDP data quarterly.

State Tax Data Subscriptions

Because the State and Local Finance Initiative regularly collects fiscal data from all 50 states and updates older official statistics to reflect actual state numbers, we are the only source for a range of accurate, up-to-date information on state fiscal performance. Subscribe to gain direct access to various datasets (see the Data Subscriptions page for more details). State government fiscal agencies can subscribe free of charge. All subscriptions include data access for twelve months from the purchase date.

Earned Income Tax Credit Interactive Database

This interactive database provides IRS data on low-income federal individual income tax return filers. Use geographic filters to find and download data for specific ZIP codes, states, cities and towns, counties, metropolitan divisions, state legislative districts, and congressional districts.

What Everyone Should Know About Their State's Budget

Why do some states spend more on prisons than on public higher education? Why do others spend less on K–12 education than on Medicaid? In this tool, you’ll see the spending per capita breakdown for all states and the District of Columbia across all major functional categories. It allows you to see how each state ranks, and you can sort by any factor you choose.

Fiscal Facts

Information tables for citizens, policymakers, analysts, legislators, and the media. Data come from various sources, including the Census of Governments, Federation of Tax Administrators, and state tax codes.

School Funding: Do Poor Kids Get Their Fair Share?

Whether most education funds go to low-income students or to nonpoor students depends on the interaction of multiple funding streams, policies, and the demographic structure of the state and its districts. Urban’s interactive feature explains how and why each state’s education spending differs.

Financing Public Higher Education

A national agenda to reduce barriers to college requires a clearer understanding of how students' opportunities differ by state. This dashboard -- with enrollment, funding, and tuition data -- illustrates those differences and how they have changed over time.

Net Income Change Calculator

How much will a low-income family's benefits from safety-net programs go down if it earns more money? How much will its state and federal income and payroll taxes change? How much will the family's total income increase? The Net Income Change Calculator (NICC) allows users to specify a scenario to test and then shows the results for all 50 states and the District of Columbia.  Safety-net programs incorporated into the calculations include Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly the Food Stamp Program), housing vouchers, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, and child care subsidies through the Child Care and Development Fund.

The NICC uses 2008 tax laws and benefit rules, capturing both the detailed rules of each program and the complex interactions across programs. 

The State of Retirement: Grading America's Public Pension Plans

The pension report card and interactive map grade state-administered retirement plans on

  • their financing,
  • how much retirement security they provide to short- and long-term employees, and
  • the workforce incentives they create for younger, older, and midcareer employees

Results are based on the Urban Institute’s State and Local Employee Pension Plan database, which includes detailed state-by-state information on plan rules for public school teachers, police officers and firefighters, and general state and local government employees.

The Welfare Rules Database

The Welfare Rules Database provides the information needed to compare cash assistance programs between states, examine changes in cash assistance rules within a single state, or simply find the most up-to-date information on the rules governing cash assistance in one state. The database includes Aid to Families with Depending Children/Temporary Assistance for Needy Families rules in effect for all 50 states and the District of Columbia, by state, from  1996 through 2013.