PROJECTKey Facts about the Young Children in Your Community


Understanding the demographics of young children in your community is an important first step in making decisions to help them thrive. These tools and publications offer information about infants, toddlers, and preschool-age children in every state and hundreds of communities.

We offer some key child characteristics (e.g., citizenship and race and ethnicity), parent characteristics (e.g., education, employment, and languages spoken at home), and family characteristics (e.g., income and housing burden). By exploring these data, policymakers, educators, advocates, and others can make informed choices about policies and services for young children and their families.

Interactive Tools

10 Characteristics of Infants and Toddlers 

10 Characteristics of Infants and Toddlers

This interactive tool shows 10 key characteristics of children from birth to age 2 in your state and community. It includes data on whether their families are low income, whether their parents are educated beyond high school, or whether their parents are immigrants.

This information can be used to support children’s early development and health. For example, knowing what share of young children in the community have parents working full time can help states and localities tailor outreach efforts to low-income children who might need care during the day.

10 Characteristics of Preschool-Age Children 

10 Characteristics of Preschool-Age Children

This interactive tool shows 10 key characteristics of 3-to-5-year-olds in your state and community. It includes data on preschool-age children’s race and ethnicity, shows whether they are enrolled in early education, and shows the number of parents present in their home.

This information can be used to support children’s healthy development and school readiness. For example, knowing more about the kids who are not enrolled in early education programs can help states and localities close achievement gaps for low-income children and children of immigrants.

Blog Posts

How better data can help state and local leaders meet the needs of infants and toddlers

Programs such as home visiting; Early Head Start; the Child Care and Development Fund; the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children; and Preschool Development Grants (PDG) aim to ensure that young children can reach their full potential by providing resources during children’s crucial early years. But policymakers, educators, and advocates in states and communities need data on infants and toddlers, their families and households, and their parents to inform needs assessments of the number of children that could benefit from these programs and to gain a better sense of whether there are groups of children at risk of being overlooked and left behind.

Knowing the state and local story: How targeted data can support children’s access to preschool

The preschool years, ages 3 to 5, are a crucial developmental time for children as they start acquiring the skills and knowledge they will need to succeed in life. Policymakers and stakeholders focus on services for this age group to ensure children get the support they need to thrive. But how can these stakeholders know they are putting their time and resources into the right places?

Research Areas Children and youth
Tags Kids in context