URBAN INSTITUTE

Expert

Melissa M. Favreault
Expert

Melissa M. Favreault

Senior Fellow

I was drawn to Urban because of its rich history of rigorously examining social problems and policy options using innovative methods like distributional models and audit studies. Our distributional analyses attempt to answer ‘what if?’ questions about social programs, including Medicare and Social Security. Our models can help reveal the cumulative effects that differences in early-life opportunities have in shaping treatment in later life. If we can better understand how advantages and disadvantages compound, we may be able to develop stronger policies.

Biography

Melissa Favreault is a senior fellow in the Income and Benefits Policy Center, where her work focuses on the economic well-being and health status of older Americans and people with disabilities. She studies social insurance and social assistance programs and has written extensively about Medicaid, Medicare, Social Security, and Supplemental Security Income. She evaluates how well these programs serve Americans today and how policy changes and economic and demographic trends could alter outcomes for future generations. Much of her research relies on dynamic microsimulation, distributional models she develops to highlight how educational and economic advantages shape financial outcomes, disability trajectories, health care needs, and longevity. She has a special interest in the economic risks people face over their lives and has studied the lifetime costs of health care, including long-term services and supports, and of family caregivers’ foregone earnings and employee benefits.

Favreault has published research in Demography, Health Affairs, Health Services Research, and the Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences and coedited Social Security and the Family: Addressing Unmet Needs in an Underfunded System. She served on the Social Security Advisory Board’s 2011 Technical Panel on Assumptions and Methods. She is a member of the Congressional Budget Office’s Panel of Health Advisers and serves on the board of the International Microsimulation Association. She has testified before Congress on Social Security adequacy and how inequality shapes retirement security.

Favreault earned her BA in political science and Russian from Amherst College and her MA and PhD in sociology from Cornell University.