The Brooklyn Treatment Court (BTC) began in 1996 as a pilot demonstration project at The Kings County Supreme Court (NY) to test the feasibility and effectiveness of reducing drug use and crime by linking drug-addicted defendants in drug felony cases to drug treatment and support services, under the close supervision of the court. The results of the evaluation indicate that BTC provided substantial drug
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As of 2002, more than 800 teen courts were in operation across the United States, up from fewer than 100 programs just a decade ago. The rapid spread of teen courts underscores their popularity with the public, elected officials, schools, and parents. According to some advocates, teen courts are inexpensive to operate, reduce recidivism by young offenders, and promote increased knowledge of the law and respect
This research bulletin from the U.S. Department of Justice describes the growth in teen courts (or youth courts) in the United States and summarizes the conclusions of existing evaluation literature on these programs. Published: October 2000 Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice, NCJ-183472.
Volume 3 from the National Institute of Justice's Multisite Adult Drug Court Evaluation (MADCE) provides process evaluation findings about the 23 drug courts included in the MADCE outcome evaluation, and information about participant receipt of program services including drug court supervision (contact with judges and attorneys; case management; drug testing; and sanctions and incentives) and treatment. It also
Volume 4 from the National Institute of Justice's Multisite Adult Drug Court Evaluation (MADCE) provides findings from the outcome evaluation answering the questions, "do drug courts work", "for whom do drug courts work," and "what are the mechanisms by which drug courts work", as well as provides findings from the costbenefit study. The outcome evaluation found that drug courts prevent crime and substance use
Expanding drug courts to all 1.5 million drug-involved offenders would cost more than $13 billion annually, but would return more than $40 billion in benefits, John Roman told a House of Representatives subcommittee. The criminal justice system can maximize the use of drug courts without adding billions in new costs by calling on less expensive strategies, such as Hawaii's Project HOPE, to identify defendants
It's something we know almost instinctively, that what we see and hear in our neighborhoods affects how we feel in and about those neighborhoods. It affects our comfort level or the livability of the neighborhood or the community. So, what do you do when someone or some family is doing something to make your community less livable? You try to talk it through, it doesn't work; you enlist the cooperation of other
This evaluation documents key features of Brooklyn's Felony Domestic Violence Court model, and traces its development, implementation, challenges, evolution, and expansion. We also conducted a pre/post evaluation of how the model influences case processing, outcomes, and recidivism. We found that the existence of the specialized court seemed to change the types of cases entering it, in that prosecutors were more
So how does the Teen Court program work? Is it effective? And are youth and parents satisfied with the experience? A look at these questions and more as we continue our Urban Institute series on America's cities with a look at Teen Courts and joining us in our Washington studio from the Urban Institute is Jeff Butts, who is a Senior Research Associate.
This is the first report of findings from the Evaluation of Teen Courts (ETC) Project, which was conducted by the Urban Institute and funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The ETC Project studied teen courts in four States: Alaska, Arizona, Maryland, and Missouri. Researchers measured pre-court attitudes and post-court
Volume 2 from the National Institute of Justice's Multisite Adult Drug Court Evaluation provides information from 380 adult drug courts surveyed in 2004. It describes drug court program characteristics and operations, such as: most courts operate small programs with less than 50 participants; more than half of courts require both an eligible charge and a clinical assessment for participants to enroll; and courts
[JoinTogether.org] Drug courts are the leading edge of a new wave of court practice and it is critical that researchers do more than just evaluate the return to the public on the huge public investment in these programs. Researchers must also consider whether the huge public investment in drug court research has been worthwhile, whether it is worth continuing, and in what form. There are some answers already in
This study finds that New York's drug courts have a modest positive impact on rearrest and reconviction. However, they differ significantly in policies and practices, resulting considerable variation in impact. The most effective drug courts served higher risk and felony defendants, maximized their legal leverage, imposed certain sanctions, included prosecutor and defense representatives on the drug court team,
Republicans typically emphasize lower taxes, while casting Democrats as eager to further burden hard-working families. But Republicans delude themselves when they think that Democrats can't play the tax-cutting game as well.
Jeff Butts, Senior Research Associate with the Urban Institute discusses teen courts in the Washington area, their origin, and the impact they have on first-time young offenders. With Pam Troia, Coordinator of the Montgomery County Teen Court, and Edgar Cahn, President of Time Dollar Institute. Hosted by Kojo Nnamdi.
Many quandaries remain, such as how the new health laws can be administered, how budgets can possibly be sustained, and whether we can solve any of this mess without some bipartisan cooperation.
The primary goal of this research is to estimate the costs and benefits of serving misdemeanor DUI offenders in the Anchorage Wellness Court (AWC), a specialized court employing principles of therapeutic jurisprudence. The Urban Institute conducted an impact and a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) to estimate the effectiveness of the AWC. The study focused on the impact of the program on reducing the prevalence and
One of the most frustrating aspects of the health reform debate has been the extent to which many legitimate questions about what might work were ignored in favor of fights over ideology. As advocacy triumphed over expertise, those who promised more than they could deliver fought with defenders of an unsustainable status quo. One result is that the new health reform still needs a lot of fancy structural work to
Early disposition or "fast-track" programs in federal sentencing allow a prosecutor to offer a reduced sentence in exchange for a defendant's prompt guilty plea and waiver of certain legal rights. Based on immigration cases in federal districts, this study finds that fast-track participants received a modest reduction in sentence length compared to otherwise similar non-participants. The estimated reduction in
This short brief summarizes the likely key effects of alternative Supreme Court decisions regarding the Affordable Care Act. We consider scenarios in which the law is upheld, and alternatively that the individual mandate, the individual mandate plus the insurance reforms, and the entire law are overturned. We highlight the potential effects on the uninsured, spending, implementation, effects on states and other
This fact sheet highlights lessons from Minnesota’s Second Judicial District’s Housing Court in Saint Paul. It describes the effects of the Ramsey County Housing Court Clinic since its launch in 2018, and reflects on five factors critical to the clinic’s success. This fact sheet complements other products developed under the 2019 Janice Nittoli Practitioner Fellowship.
The National Institute of Justice's Multi-site Adult Drug Court Evaluation (MADCE) tested whether drug courts reduce drug use, crime, and associated problems; assessed how drug courts work and for whom; examined how changes in participant attitudes and behaviors explain effectiveness; and determined whether drug courts generate cost savings. The evaluation found that drug courts prevent crime and substance use
The Brooklyn Treatment Court (BTC) initiated Project Connection to explore ways that drug treatment courts can benefit by building bridges to the community. This report describes the activities of Project Connection and ideas about how drug courts can support community reintegration after clients graduate from drug court. The results are based upon qualitative analysis of interviews with project staff, focus
Volume 1 from the National Institute of Justice's Multisite Adult Drug Court Evaluation provides information about the studys context and objectives; a review of the literature; a description of the research design, data collection, and analytic strategies; and a description of the characteristics of study participants. The outcome evaluation included 1,781 offenders across 23 drug court and six comparison sites
The Truancy Court Diversion Program (TCDP) is a voluntary program for students at risk for chronic truancy. TCDP addresses attitudes of students and parents through sessions involving Family Court judges, and addresses barriers to attendance though case management and service referrals. An implementation evaluation of a pilot TCDP found key implementation challenges concerning recruitment and program
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