Using data to understand revenue and expenditure patterns in higher education is crucial toward building knowledge of higher education policy. This brief, using data from the Urban Institute’s Education Data Portal, will introduce readers to data sources to describe patterns and pose questions for further research.
We highlight data from the Office of Federal Student Aid on institutions’ 90/10 ratios, financial responsibility composite scores, graduate and undergraduate loans, and campus-based awards. We also use data from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System on noninstructional and instructional staff salaries. These institution-level data can highlight financial aid and institutional practices and priorities.