Research Report Understanding the Dynamics of Disconnection from Employment and Assistance
Heather Sandstrom, Kristin S. Seefeldt, Sandra Huerta, Pamela J. Loprest
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Low-income individuals who are not employed or receiving TANF are often referred to as disconnected. This study uses interview data from a sample of 51 disconnected, unmarried mothers from Southeast Michigan and Los Angeles, California to learn about their experiences related to work and benefit receipt. In Michigan, many women had hit the TANF time limit but could not find employment. In Los Angeles, some women preferred to stay home to care for young children, but others lacked child care and work experience. Immigrant mothers struggled without working papers. Despite receiving assistance from different sources, material hardship was quite common.

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Research Areas Families Social safety net Children and youth
Tags Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Welfare and safety net programs Economic well-being
Policy Centers Income and Benefits Policy Center