The Welfare-to-Work (WtW) Grants Program was authorized under the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. Congress established a very fast time frame for WtW to allow maximum use of the funds to supplement states' welfare reform efforts. Over $2 billion has now been distributed by the U.S. Department of Labor to about 700 local programs in 48 states and territories and 93 tribal programs. This paper summarizes the objectives and rationale of WtW, the funding and program activities in the first year, and early implementation issues.
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