This report examines private school participants in federal education programs, specifically under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The results showed that less than half of private schools have participants in federal education programs. One exception is Catholic schools, where eighty percent had participants in one of the ESEA programs. While the majority of private schools without participants in federal programs indicated they made a conscious decision not to participate, forty percent indicated not having any knowledge of federal programs under ESEA.
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