While the transfer of policy between state governments is a well-researched practice, little is known about the state-to-state spread of programs generated and implemented by nonprofit organizations. In 1990, the nonprofit Child Care Services Association in North Carolina began an education and compensation scholarship program for 21 child care workers in three counties. As of August 2003, the program, now known as the T.E.A.C.H. (Teacher Education and Compensation Helps) Early Childhood Project, had spread to 23 states and is annually providing more than 15,000 scholarships. This policy brief examines factors that supported, promoted, and challenged the transfer of the T.E.A.C.H. model to four states (Florida, Indiana, Pennsylvania, and Washington). This research finds that effective policy replication involves multiple stages and a number of roles for policy advocates.
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