Although the Afghan Constitution provides a framework for a unitary and highly centralized public sector, the Constitution also recognizes the importance of subnational governance. The countrys policy framework for subnational governance and intergovernmental relations is contained in the Sub-National Governance Policy (SNGP) which was adopted by Cabinet in March 2010. Despite considerable efforts over the past few years by the Government and its development partners, only limited progress has been made on improving the effectiveness as well as the inclusiveness of subnational governance and service delivery. This Policy Brief argues that the primary obstacle to progress on subnational governance reforms is the absence of consensus -among government officials, policy makers, and development partners alike- on the organizational and budgetary status of subnational entities at the provincial, district and village levels.
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