Testimony Expanding the African-American Middle Class
Improving Labor Market Outcomes
Harry Holzer
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Despite some progress during the 1990s, the share of African Americans joining the middle class has stagnated over the past 20-30 years. In testimony to the U.S. Civil Rights Commission, Urban Institute visiting fellow Harry Holzer suggests public policy should focus on improving educational attainment and skill development among blacks at all levels of schooling; improving labor force attachment and access to better jobs, especially among young black men; and raising the number of black families with two adult earners, or at least where fathers contribute to family incomes.
Research Areas Education Wealth and financial well-being Families Race and equity Workforce
Tags Workforce development Economic well-being Racial and ethnic disparities Wages and nonwage compensation Racial equity in education Racial inequities in employment
Policy Centers Center on Labor, Human Services, and Population