Brief Employment and Welfare Reform in the National Survey of America's Families
Pamela J. Loprest, Doug Wissoker
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The 1996 passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) was the largest federal change in welfare policy in decades. The sweeping federal changes included replacing the old cash assistance program with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, making assistance temporary through a five-year time limit on federal benefit receipt, changing state funding to a block grant, increasing state program rule flexibility, and enhancing the emphasis on work. Because these changes were so fundamental, there is great need to understand their impact, particularly on the eve of the 5-year reauthorization of the act.
Research Areas Wealth and financial well-being Social safety net Race and equity
Tags Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Welfare and safety net programs Employment and income data Racial barriers to accessing the safety net Racial inequities in employment