Research Report The Effects of Disability Insurance on Redistribution Within Social Security By Gender, Education, Race and Income
Lee Cohen, C. Eugene Steuerle, Adam Carasso
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In this paper, we assess the extent to which redistributive trends within Social Security are affected when the Old Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) program is converted to an OASDI program through the addition of Disability Insurance (DI). Our analysis covers four cohorts spanning 1931-1964, using a preliminary version of the jointly developed Modeling Income in the Near Term (MINT) model, version 3. We present detailed measures of redistribution - before and after accounting for Disability Insurance - based on beneficiaries' "own," "received," and "shared" benefits and broken out by gender, race, educational attainment, and lifetime earnings quintile. We then use these measures to comment on the amount of redistribution and progressivity the DI program introduces into the system and the extent to which various groups do or do not benefit.

Research Areas Economic mobility and inequality Health and health care Aging and retirement Race and equity Taxes and budgets
Tags Social Security Economic well-being Disability and long-term care Racial and ethnic disparities Individual taxes Federal budget and economy Race, gender, class, and ethnicity Income and wealth distribution Racial inequities in economic mobility Racial inequities in health Racial wealth gap Disability equity policy