This paper uses data from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families to compare former welfare recipients with those still receiving cash assistance. Among the significant differences found: Current recipients had less education than former recipients. Current recipients were far more likely to report multiple obstacles to work than former recipients, and former recipients were far more likely to have reported no obstacles. Former recipients who reported multiple obstacles to work were significantly more likely to be in paid employment than current recipients with multiple obstacles to work. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of the economic struggles they reported.