Seven states with separate (as opposed to Medicaid expansion) State Children's Health Insurance Programs (SCHIP) implemented enrollment caps during the 20012003 recession. Interviews with SCHIP officials and Covering Kids and Families grantees in these states examined implementation policies and their effects on enrollment, outreach, and public support. Enrollment caps were generally maintained for less than a year and resulted in large spending reductions, but enrollment declined steeply. Most key informants indicated that caps were preferable to reversals of simplified enrollment, comprehensive benefits, and low cost sharing and thus offered policymakers an important tool for controlling costs. [Health Affairs 26, no. 1 (2007): 258268; 10.1377/hlthaff.26.1.258]
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