Financial health reflects residents’ ability to manage their daily finances, be resilient to economic shocks, and pursue opportunities for upward mobility. Credit health is an important component of overall financial health, in addition to savings, income, and wealth. During economic crises like the COVID-19 pandemic, financially healthy residents can better weather the storm, help stabilize city finances, and

February 17, 2021
Presentation
 

Financial health reflects residents’ ability to manage their daily finances, be resilient to economic shocks, and pursue opportunities for upward mobility. Credit health is an important component of overall financial health, in addition to savings, income, and wealth. During economic crises like the COVID-19 pandemic, financially healthy residents can better weather the storm, help stabilize city finances, and

February 17, 2021
Presentation
 

Financial health reflects residents’ ability to manage their daily finances, be resilient to economic shocks, and pursue opportunities for upward mobility. Credit health is an important component of overall financial health, in addition to savings, income, and wealth. During economic crises like the COVID-19 pandemic, financially healthy residents can better weather the storm, help stabilize city finances, and

February 17, 2021
Presentation
 

The Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) provides federal money to States, Territories, and Tribes to subsidize the cost of child care for low-income working families. Detailed policies vary widely across jurisdictions, with States, Territories, and Tribes establishing different policies for: Eligibility requirements for families and children Application, waiting list, and redetermination requirements

February 17, 2021
Research Report
 

Financial health reflects residents’ ability to manage their daily finances, be resilient to economic shocks, and pursue opportunities for upward mobility. Credit health is an important component of overall financial health, in addition to savings, income, and wealth. During economic crises like the COVID-19 pandemic, financially healthy residents can better weather the storm, help stabilize city finances, and

February 17, 2021
Presentation
 

Financial health reflects residents’ ability to manage their daily finances, be resilient to economic shocks, and pursue opportunities for upward mobility. Credit health is an important component of overall financial health, in addition to savings, income, and wealth. During economic crises like the COVID-19 pandemic, financially healthy residents can better weather the storm, help stabilize city finances, and

February 17, 2021
Presentation
 

If a parent works full time and earns $30,000 per year, can the family receive a subsidy to help pay for child care? If the family does qualify for a subsidy, how much will they have to pay out of pocket? The answers to these questions depend on a family’s exact circumstances, including: the ages of the children the number of people in the family income where they live Child care subsidies are provided

February 17, 2021
Brief
 

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted health care in an unprecedented way, leading some patients to postpone or forgo care. Using data from the Urban Institute’s September 2020 Coronavirus Tracking Survey, a nationally representative survey of adults ages 18 to 64, we examine delayed or forgone care during the pandemic for nine types of health care services and assess patterns by race/ethnicity, income, and the

February 16, 2021
Brief
 

Since the pandemic began, health care providers and consumers have sought to minimize COVID-19 transmission by limiting in-person visits. Consequently, many children are missing out on or having their health care delayed. Drawing on the Urban Institute’s September 2020 Coronavirus Tracking Survey, a nationally representative survey of adults ages 18 to 64, we examine delayed and forgone health care for children

February 16, 2021
Fact Sheet
 

The resource list aims to support Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) administrators and their research partners in using administrative data to address policy-relevant early care and education research questions. It lists resources that explain how to acquire, use, manage, link, and analyze administrative data in early childhood or related fields.

February 16, 2021
Research Report
 

As Congress considers President Biden’s proposal to provide additional support to families and stimulate the economy, it is important to understand the extent of need American families may be facing in the coming year.  We project an overall 2021 poverty rate of 13.7 percent, meaning that about one in seven Americans may have annual family resources below the poverty threshold. We use the Supplemental

February 16, 2021
Brief
 

The COVID-19 pandemic has created unprecedented, urgent challenges for the child care and early education workforce. Though the workforce has always been fragile, new stressors presented over the past year have highlighted fundamental structural problems in the system, including the inequities facing Black, Latina, and Native American child care and early education staff and providers. Based on interviews with

February 11, 2021
Research Report
 

Policymakers have expressed increased interest in program-level higher education accountability measures as a supplement to, or in place of, institution-level metrics. But it is unclear what these measures should look like. In this report, we assess the ways program-level data could be developed to facilitate federal accountability. Evidence shows that what students study matters as much as, if not more than,

February 11, 2021
Research Report
 

Between 2017 and 2019, we visited 11 correctional facilities managed by the Florida Department of Corrections, the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, and the Montgomery County Department of Correction and Rehabilitation to develop an understanding of the challenges and practices involved in managing correctional contraband. We conducted facility observations and semistructured interviews with staff and

February 9, 2021
Brief
 

This brief details the Minnesota Department of Corrections’ (MnDOC) experiences optimizing its surveillance technologies—including benefits and challenges—and provides recommendations for correctional agencies using or planning to integrate audio analytic technologies and other upgrades in their surveillance systems. Between 2017 and 2019, we worked with MnDOC to optimize its surveillance system in two state

February 9, 2021
Brief
 

Community development investment differs from other forms of investment because community investors use financial tools explicitly to engender social good. However, community development investment can be more challenging to deploy in small and midsize cities. This report describes the challenges small and midsize cities can face in attracting and sustaining the capital needed to develop a pipeline of community

February 9, 2021
Research Report
 

We estimate the implications of five alternative Marketplace subsidy schedules, all providing more generous premium tax credit and cost-sharing assistance than that available under current law. All options would extend financial assistance to those with incomes above 400 percent of FPL, but how much they increase assistance for people in different income groups varies. We show the implications of each

February 8, 2021
Brief
 

Pervading the history and tax laws applying to foundations is a persistent suspicion of the wealthy and of concentrated power, while the battles between foundations and Congress largely center on who has control over the uses of wealth. Foundation laws, and by extension, laws proposed or enacted for donor advised funds and other charities, often develop on the basis of the administrative expedience possible with

February 8, 2021
Brief
 

This Commonwealth Fund brief synthesizes two Urban Institute reports on the public health insurance landscape for pregnant and postpartum women and the potential of a postpartum coverage extension to close coverage gaps. We find the following: Our current system of publicly supported coverage options for pregnant and postpartum women is a complex patchwork that varies tremendously by income, immigration

February 5, 2021
Brief
 

In addition to financing crucial health care services for millions of Americans, Medicare benefits the broader economy. The funds disbursed by the program support the employment of millions of workers, and the salaries paid to those workers generate billions of dollars of tax revenue. We estimate that Medicare directly financed 3.7 million jobs in the health care sector in 2019, accounting for 22 percent of all

February 5, 2021
Research Report
 

This brief examines primary care physician responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. We conducted structured discussions with primary care practices of varying sizes and geographies to assess the impact  the pandemic has had on their practices, both from an operational standpoint and a financial one. Operationally the greatest challenges were accessing and acquiring PPE and operating without consistent treatment

February 5, 2021
Brief
 

This brief is part of a series focused on how well major federal safety net programs serve young people—defined as those ages 14 to 24. The series pays special attention to young people who live independently. This brief focuses on the circumstances under which young people are able to access cash assistance to help them meet their basic needs through the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program

February 4, 2021
Brief
 

This brief is part of a series focused on how well major federal safety net programs serve young people—defined as those ages 14 to 24. The series pays special attention to young people who live independently. This brief focuses on the circumstances under which young people are able to access the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and Child Tax Credit (CTC), the major federal tax credits available for young people

February 4, 2021
Brief
 

The Connecticut Department of Housing, in conjunction with the Department of Social Services, commissioned this study, the first comprehensive look at affordable and accessible housing needs in the state, in May 2020. The research team gathered and analyzed data from state, federal, and public sources to describe and project trends in Connecticut’s affordable and accessible housing supply and needs across

February 4, 2021
Research Report
 

This brief is part of a series focused on how well major federal safety net programs serve young people—defined as those ages 14 to 24. The series pays special attention to young people who live independently. This brief focuses on the circumstances under which young people are able to access Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)—the largest federal nutrition assistance program—and what is known about

February 4, 2021
Brief