This brief presents results from a baseline survey of custodial and non-custodial parents enrolled in the Fathers Advancing Community Together (FACT) program offered by Rubicon Programs in Contra Costa County, California. FACT is a multi-faceted program designed to deliver responsible parenting, healthy relationships, and economic stability services on a voluntary basis to low-income fathers. Our survey findings

August 28, 2020
Brief
 

The uncertainties and changes associated with military life can adversely impact families with young children. Home visitors can help military families manage stressors and engage in positive and responsive interactions with children, thus supporting development and reducing child maltreatment. This Data in Action Brief uses data from the US Census Bureau, supplemented by a literature review of military

August 28, 2020
Brief
 

Economic trends have made postsecondary education increasingly important to self-sufficiency, but research suggests that far too many young people in foster care will not have the educational credentials needed to succeed in this economy without additional supports. Specifically, young people in foster care enroll in college at lower rates than their peers and are less likely to persist through the end of their

August 28, 2020
Brief
 

Heading into this crisis, Black and Hispanic homeowners accrued a smaller financial benefit from homeownership than White homeowners. Homeowners of color typically had lower housing equity, because they purchased homes of lower value with higher mortgage debt later in life. They also had marginally higher costs associated with homeownership, largely due to the greater preponderance of mortgages and slightly

August 28, 2020
Research Report
 

We compare four studies that project the effects of the COVID-19 recession on employment-based health insurance coverage and the number of uninsured people in 2020. Several estimates have been published in recent months, but they vary widely and are difficult to reconcile. Most workers in the United States get health insurance coverage through their jobs, so policymakers are looking for answers to two main

August 28, 2020
Brief
 

The challenges surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic and ensuing economic crisis are disproportionately affecting many immigrant workers and families across the US. An array of barriers, such as program eligibility rules and lack of language access, put federal, state, and local relief programs out of reach for many families. Community-based organizations (CBOs) serving immigrants with low incomes are on the front

August 27, 2020
Brief
 

About 65 percent of college presidents identified fall 2020 enrollment numbers as a key issue for their campuses. As many schools return with virtual or limited face-to-face coursework, college enrollment patterns could change substantially. I use national data on higher education enrollment to understand how changes in certain student populations, such as international students or students receiving Pell grants

August 27, 2020
Brief
 

This brief examines the Federal Housing Finance Agency’s (FHFA’s) 2020 notice of proposed rulemaking (2020 NPR) for the government-sponsored enterprises’ (GSEs’) capital standards and finds that there are several issues of concern that will distort the relationship between capital and risk. The researchers urge FHFA to better tailor its proposed risk-based capital requirements to the risk and mission of these

August 27, 2020
Brief
 

The August 2020 edition of At A Glance, the Housing Finance Policy Center’s reference guide for mortgage and housing market data, includes updated figures describing first lien origination volume, cash-out refinances, loans in serious delinquency and mortgage insurance activity. Housing Finance at a Glance: Monthly Chartbooks Archive

August 27, 2020
Research Report
 

Increasing availability of naloxone, the life-saving drug used to reverse opioid overdoses, is critical, especially because the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the number of such overdoses. In this study, we track changes in Medicaid spending on naloxone, its price per unit, and Medicaid-covered naloxone prescriptions for generic naloxone products, the brand-name Narcan nasal spray, and the Evzio autoinjector

August 26, 2020
Research Report
 

The Sisters Rising and Brothers Rising curricula are part of the Promoting Adolescent Sexual Health and Safety (PASS) program, a community-based program that educates and trains youth and adults in sexual health and safety. The goal of PASS is to provide a safe, culturally appropriate environment for adolescents and their caretakers to learn about sexual health, access health services, and challenge

August 26, 2020
Research Report
 

The Sisters Rising and Brothers Rising curricula are part of the Promoting Adolescent Sexual Health and Safety (PASS) program, a community-based program that educates and trains youth and adults in sexual health and safety. The goal of PASS is to provide a safe, culturally appropriate environment for adolescents and their caretakers to learn about sexual health, access health services, and challenge

August 26, 2020
Research Report
 

State government tax revenues showed year-over-year growth at 4.2 percent in the first quarter of 2020. However, preliminary data indicate double-digit declines in state government tax revenues in the second quarter of 2020 because of the COVID-19 pandemic and government responses. States’ economic performance has changed dramatically since then as the pandemic threw the economy into turmoil. Most economic

August 25, 2020
Research Report
 

Early education programs have emerged as a leading policy for reducing inequalities among young children. In the District of Columbia, 3- and 4-year-old children apply through a common lottery for spots in the District’s public schools. To assess application and outcome patterns, we analyzed preschool applications submitted to the District of Columbia’s centralized admissions lottery, My School DC, and

August 24, 2020
Brief
 

Since 2014, the District of Columbia has used an annual common application to place new students from prekindergarten for 3-year-olds (PK3) through 12th grade in DC Public Schools (DCPS) and DC public charter schools. Though K–12 students have the right to attend their in-boundary school, this policy does not extend to students in PK3 or PK4 (prekindergarten for 4-year-olds). Instead, prekindergarten students

August 24, 2020
Research Report
 

This report describes the Tax Policy Center’s (TPC’s) improved methodology for analyzing the taxation of pass-through income (income generated through business activities that is taxed at the individual level). Under current law, certain types of pass-through income are taxed at different rates than corporate or ordinary individual income, creating incentives to shift the form in which income is received.

August 19, 2020
Research Report
 

Providing equitable transportation access is an urgent matter for transportation departments and public transit agencies. Federal law, as detailed in Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, requires them to consider the needs of underserved communities by conducting environmental justice analyses. The departments and agencies must first identify the

August 18, 2020
Brief
 

This report summarizes the Urban Institute’s evaluation of training and technical assistance (TTA) provided by the National Center for Victims of Crime (NCVC) in support of Multidisciplinary Responses to Families and Communities in Complex Homicide Cases, a multisite demonstration funded by the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC). The Complex Homicide project aimed to enhance multidisciplinary responses to

August 14, 2020
Research Report
 

Introduction Every Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) Lead Agency can use research and evaluation services. Even if your agency has an internal research department, sometimes you may need to procure (i.e., contract out) specialized research or evaluation services. You can be more successful in getting the research and evaluation services you need if you have some understanding of the procurement process in

August 13, 2020
Research Report
 

Across the US, tiny-home communities are being piloted to house people experiencing homelessness. One new community is taking shape in Bozeman, Montana: Housing First Village. It aims to keep tenants stably housed by providing them a safe, dignified, and permanent home between 130 and 250 square feet. Partners seek to draw upon best practices to create permanent supportive housing for people experiencing chronic

August 7, 2020
Research Report
 

This paper describes the updated methodology that the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center (TPC) uses to estimate the benefits taxpayers receive from proposals that allow them to save through a qualified retirement savings plan. We present tables comparing how we currently measure these benefits and explain the rationale for the current method and how it improves upon the previous method TPC used and addresses some

August 7, 2020
Technical Paper
 

A recent Urban Institute analysis projected that three provisions of the Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions (HEROES) Act, meant to stimulate the economy and reduce material hardship in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and recession, could keep 12.2 million people out of poverty between August and December 2020. One of those three provisions, providing Economic Impact Payments (“stimulus

August 7, 2020
Fact Sheet
 

As we begin August 2020, with supplemental unemployment benefits and national eviction moratorium expired, millions of households—disproportionately renters and people of color—face increasing housing instability and risk of displacement. As Congress debates how to support these families, we suggest an approach for identifying the places and people who most urgently need housing relief. We have developed a state

August 6, 2020
Brief
 

Introduction Early childhood home visiting programs support pregnant women and families with young children so they can be healthy, safe, and better prepared to reach their goals. The success of these programs is dependent upon recruiting and retaining a skilled, committed, and satisfied workforce. This brief summarizes findings from the Home Visiting Career Trajectories study—a national study of the home

August 6, 2020
Brief