HOST: Can Public Housing be a Platform for Change? (Series/HOST)
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Building on research in distressed public housing communities, we argue for a new approach to addressing the worst consequences of concentrated poverty and helping families move toward self-sufficiency. We introduce the Housing Opportunities and Services Together (HOST) demonstration, a two-generation, whole family service model that uses public and mixed-income housing as a platform for intensive, wraparound services. We describe how HOST encapsulates lessons learned from studying federal housing policies, challenges that make reversing chronic disadvantage so difficult, and our theoretical framework for fostering change. We outline HOST's research design in four sites: Chicago, New York, Portland, and Washington, D.C.
Strengthening Families Through Stronger Fathers Initiative: Summary of Impact Findings (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: December 03, 2013||Publication Date: November 20, 2013|
To help low-income noncustodial parents find work and pay child support, the New York Legislature enacted the Strengthening Families Through Stronger Fathers Initiative in 2006, offering a refundable tax credit and work-oriented programs to noncustodial parents. This report summarizes findings from our evaluation of the initiative and discusses the characteristics of noncustodial parents who participated. These findings suggest that allocating new funding to the employment-oriented component of the initiative and extending the tax credit would improve employment outcomes and child support compliance among noncustodial parents.
Maintenance and Investment in Small Rental Properties: Findings from New York City and Baltimore (Series/What Works Collaborative)
|Posted to Web: December 03, 2013||Publication Date: October 15, 2012|
Nearly half of all poor, urban renters in the United States live in rental buildings of fewer than four units, and such buildings make up nearly half our nation's rental housing stock. Yet small rental properties remain largely overlooked by researchers. We present two reports—from New York City and Baltimore—both providing suggestive evidence, drawn from a variety of sources, about the characteristics of small rental housing. We find that while small buildings offer lower rents and play a crucial role in housing low-income renters, these lower rents are largely explained by neighborhood location, however, ownership matters.
Closing the Wealth Gap: Empowering Minority-Owned Businesses to Reach Their Full Potential for Growth and Job Creation (Testimony)
|Posted to Web: December 03, 2013||Publication Date: November 18, 2013|
The racial wealth gap grows sharply with age. When people are in their 30s and 40s, whites have about 3.5 times more wealth than people of color. By the time people reach their 60s whites have about 7 times more wealth. Skewed federal subsidies exacerbate wealth disparities and the racial wealth gap. Five suggestions to close the racial wealth gap are: make homeownership tax subsidies more progressive; promote retirement savings through IRAs and expand the Saver's Credit; reauthorize the Assets for Independence program; increase access to high-quality education; and improve access to micro and small business capital for low-wealth groups.
New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) Program Evaluation (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: November 26, 2013||Publication Date: September 18, 2013|
The New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) program encourages investment in low-income areas by providing tax credits to private investors through certified Community Development Entities (CDEs) that invest in businesses and real estate projects for economic and community development purposes.
This first formal evaluation of the NMTC program is national and program-wide in scope. Information collection was limited to projects initiated as of December 2007. In its early years, the NMTC program operated as intended-encouraging investments in low-income areas for a diverse range of projects. The most prevalent results were provision of advantageous financing, real estate development, additions to local tax bases, and job creation or retention. NMTC projects also added to or expanded community amenities, services, and facilities and supported small businesses and organizations. Outputs and outcomes varied by project, as did the need for a public subsidy and project viability.
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Washington, DC Metropolitan Area Housing Monitor - First Quarter 2012 (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: November 21, 2013||Publication Date: April 15, 2013|
The Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area Housing Monitor – First Quarter 2012 and its accompanying County Profiles are co-published quarterly by NeighborhoodInfo DC and the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments. The Monitor gives a snapshot of sales market trends. Sales volumes continue at levels lower than when the foreclosure crisis began. About 5,000 homes were sold in the first quarter of 2012, a decrease from the year before. The median sales price rose 4.3% in one year to $321,000. The average home stayed on the market 12 weeks, a small decrease from one year earlier.
Medicaid and the Young Invincibles Under the Affordable Care Act: Who Knew? (Policy Briefs/Timely Analysis of Health Policy Issues)
|Posted to Web: November 21, 2013||Publication Date: September 16, 2013|
Not getting much attention is the 5.4 million uninsured young adults who will be eligible for Medicaid in 2014. Young adults eligible for Medicaid are a heterogeneous group but over half have an existing connection to another government program. However, 4.3 million uninsured young adults with incomes below 138 percent of the Federal Poverty Level will not be eligible for Medicaid because they live in states that are not expanding, most of whom will remain uninsured, given their lack of access to affordable coverage.
Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area Housing Monitor - Second Quarter 2012 (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: November 21, 2013||Publication Date: November 01, 2013|
The Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area Housing Monitor – Second Quarter 2012 and its accompanying County Profiles is a quarterly publication co-published by NeighborhoodInfo DC and the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments. The Monitor gives a snapshot of sales market trends. Almost 7,000 homes were sold in the second quarter of 2012, an increase from the year before. The median sales price rose 4.6% in one year to $371,000. The average home stayed on the market 8 weeks, a 15.9% decrease from one year earlier.
Stabilizing Premiums Under the Affordable Care Act: State Efforts to Reduce Adverse Selection (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: November 21, 2013||Publication Date: September 16, 2013|
As a consequence of the ACA's reformed nongroup insurance market, some have raised concerns about short-term "rate shock" — an increase in premiums as a result of enhanced consumer protections and more risk-sharing compared with the pre-reform market – as well as longer-term instability due to adverse selection, the phenomenon by which particular insurance plans or markets attract an enrollment with higher than average health care risks. While the ACA includes strategies intended to mitigate these effects, some states are introducing additional strategies to strengthen the protections. This paper explores policies designed to address these concerns being implemented in 11 states.
Residential Property Taxes in the United States (Research Report)
|Posted to Web: November 19, 2013||Publication Date: November 01, 2013|
This brief presents an overview of residential property taxes. The brief considers recent trends in aggregate property tax revenues and examines the property tax at the county level. Property taxes are an important source of revenue for local governments, though effective property tax rates vary substantially by state and region. The counties with the highest property tax burdens tend to be in New York and New Jersey, while the counties with the lowest property tax burdens are located in Alabama and Louisiana. Most counties levy property taxes that are around $1,000 per homeowner and below 1 percent of house value.
|Posted to Web: November 18, 2013||Publication Date: November 18, 2013|