Blue ribbon panel named for Charles Colson will take on federal prison overcrowding
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The Charles Colson Task Force on Federal Corrections is a nine-person, bipartisan, blue-ribbon panel created by Congress to examine challenges in the federal corrections system and develop practical, data-driven solutions. Informed by over a year of fact-finding, rigorous data analysis, and testimony from and discussions with key experts and stakeholders, the independent Task Force’s recommendations to the US Congress, the
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Political theater? Such is the label many have attached to the tax reform task force headed by Paul Volcker. But I heard the same claim made about President Reagan's State of the Union request for a tax reform study from the Treasury Department to be made only after the 1984 election was over. Congress literally burst out laughing.
Although welfare reform has placed a renewed spotlight on addressing social issues through local institutions, the mechanisms for achieving new public-private partnerships, particularly with faith-based organizations, are still being developed. This report presents the findings of a study conducted by the Urban Institute on the community-based services provided by faith-based organizations in New Jersey. It outlines the types of
The current pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) Social Security system is in trouble. This has led many to support reduced reliance on the traditional PAYGO system and more reliance on a funded system in which contributions would be invested in a mixture of public and private securities, the return on which would be used to finance future pensions. The low rate of return created for the traditional system by adverse demographics would be
The Food Stamp Program, a cornerstone of income security policy in the US since 1961, was designed to ensure that all Americans have enough to eat. Yet the program is falling farther and farther short of this mission. Many families are leaving the food stamp program even though many report difficulties paying for food and are eligible to receive benefits.
Since Social Security was first enacted, vast changes have occurred in the economy, life expectancy, health care, the physical demands of jobs, labor force participation, and even the definition of elderly. As it stands now, the Social Security system is a middle age retirement system that serves the truly old and vulnerable less and less each year. This testimony focuses on how to reorient benefits can to the old by raising the
Stand your ground laws, which extend the right to use deadly force in self-defense beyond the home, exacerbate racial disparities in the rate at which homicides are found to be justified, John Roman told a Senate subcommittee. In homicides of blacks committed by whites, 11.4 percent were found to be justified, while in homicides of whites committed by blacks, only 1.2 percent were found to be justified. The racial disparity is
Amina Ajmal, an American citizen, was held in captivity for years and forced into a marriage by her own relatives in Pakistan. She escaped and found refuge in an American embassy. As Ajmal was flown home to Brooklyn, her father, Mohammad Ajmal Choudhry, ordered the murder of those who helped her escape. Earlier this month, Choudhry was convicted of conspiracy to commit murder in a foreign country. In addition to illustrating the violence
This data brief reports monthly labor force statistics for older Americans, a growing segment of the workforce. It reports labor force participation rates, unemployment rates, employment-to-population ratios, and the share of unemployed workers who have been out of work for more than six months. Employment outcomes did not change much in November 2012 for Americans ages 55 and older. Older workers continue to fare better than
From 2010 to 2030, patterns of labor force participation will change across regions of the United States. In some regions, the primary demographic effect will be changes in age structure, which will drive declines in labor force participation rates. In other regions, in-migration and changes in the racial and ethnic composition of the adult population will primarily increase the numbers of the “dependent population”—people not
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the government-sponsored enterprises or GSEs) keep capital flowing for mortgage lending by guaranteeing that investors in mortgage-backed securities get what they pay for: namely, continued timely payment of interest and repayment of principal, even when borrowers miss payments or default. It’s a simple, high-value proposition. So why is it so hard to determine what fee they should charge in exchange for this
This essay argues that longer life expectancy must be taken into account when contrasting current labor force participation rates to those of the past. In explaining that todays 65-year-old is comparable to a 60-year-old in 1960, the authors illustrate how changing life expectancies complicate the task of measuring and qualifying labor force participation. They also describe how since 1940 improved health standards, the decline
This data brief reports 2012 labor force statistics for older Americans, a growing segment of the workforce. It reports labor force participation rates, unemployment rates, employment-to-population ratios, and the share of unemployed workers who have been out of work for more than six months, and compares outcomes to earlier years. Labor market outcomes improved for both younger and older workers in 2012. Older workers continue
Investing in the education of the children of immigrants will pay off in the long run as these workers play a prominent—and needed—role in our labor force.
These 3 strategies can maximize the benefits of child care, a critical source of support for families in times of crisis.
This paper explores the relationship between changes in labor force status and changes in health insurance coverage of nonelderly adults and children from 1999 to 2002. The study examined changes in coverage among the employed, the unemployed, and those not in the labor force. During this period, the number of people who were unemployed or out of the labor force increased. The number of uninsured adults increased by 1.9 million
Chelsea Thomson is a center administrator in the Justice Policy Center at the Urban Institute, where she works on projects including the Charles Colson Task Force on Federal Corrections and the Justice Reinvestment Initiative. She carries out both logistical and administrative duties as well as supporting the research teams. Before joining the Justice Policy Center, Thomson worked in Urban’s external affairs department, executing events and
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