In 1997, Congress created a $500 per child tax credit (CTC). It has since been increased to $1,000 and made available to some lower-income families with children, even if they had no tax liability. Still, many low-income families (as well as some with high incomes) receive less than $1,000 per child in tax benefits. Moreover, because of differences in income, family composition, and employment status, nearly half of Blacks and 46 percent of Hispanics receive no or reduced benefits from the CTC because their incomes are too low. By comparison, only 18 percent of White children are in that category.