Trends in Noncitizens' and Citizens' Use of Public Benefits Following Welfare Reform

Research Report

Trends in Noncitizens' and Citizens' Use of Public Benefits Following Welfare Reform

1994-97

Abstract

This report uses the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey to document national trends in immigrants' use of public benefits in 1994-1997, the period following welfare reform. It builds on an earlier Urban Institute study that found evidence of a chilling effect of welfare reform among legal noncitizen families in Los Angeles County: applications among legal noncitizens for Medi-Cal and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families fell even though there was no change in legal immigrants' eligibility for these programs.

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