One of the most profound challenges facing California's communities is the reintegration of more than 125,000 individuals who leave state prisons and return home each year. These are the proceedings from Urban Institute's National Reentry Roundtable Meeting held on December 13, 2002, with a focus on California. The meeting was aimed at generating state-focused dialogue on the public health dimensions of prisoner reentry in California. Little is known about the impact of current social and fiscal policies or the ingredients of successful transitions to community life. These discussions offer policymakers a critical opportunity to improve outcomes for those most affected by criminal justice policies.