Despite many gains in quality of life standards, the HOPE VI program and related efforts have been less successful in helping residents move toward self-sufficiency. In recent years, the CHA has increased its efforts to promote self-sufficiency for its residents, through both its FamilyWorks case management services and Opportunity
Chicago, connecting residents to the labor force. In this brief, we explore what has happened to Madden/Wells respondents' economic status since 2009. Our analysis indicates that although employment rates have not increased, respondents have experienced some gains in economic well-being. However, respondents continue to face considerable economic hardship.