This brief examines housing assistance outcomes, two years after the start of relocation at five HOPE VI panel study sites. Overall, 61 percent of the 736 respondents had relocated by the time of the follow-up survey. We find that vouchers are the primary relocation tool, and, not surprisingly, residents who are dissatisfied with public housing were more likely to relocate with vouchers. If handled properly, relocation could significantly improve residents' lives by helping them move to quality housing in safe neighborhoods. However, a number of challenges with relocation remain, including tight rental markets and limited relocation services.