Implementing Welfare Reform in Rural Communities

Research Report

Implementing Welfare Reform in Rural Communities

February 1, 2001

Abstract

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996 replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. PRWORA changed the nations welfare system from an entitlement program for income-eligible families to a program that provides time-limited assistance and requires recipients to participate in work-focused activities. This paper examines how areas with sparse populations, mostly rural areas, respond to the welfare changes introduced with PRWORA.

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