Children enrolling for a medical reason in Healthy Kids reported a range of common conditions including allergies, anemia, asthma, cough/cold, stomach problems, and ear/eye infection as their reason for enrollment. A large portion (67%) of parents report enrolling because the child needed prescription medication the family could not afford. Enrollment was associated with improved access to health care and lower out-of-pocket costs. However, families of children enrolled for a medical reason faced persistent barriers in accessing sub-specialty care and demonstrated higher use of emergency department services compared to those not enrolled for a medical reason. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Los Angeles. May 2009.