A Framework For Identifying High-Impact Interventions To Promote Reductions In Late-Life Disability

Research Report

A Framework For Identifying High-Impact Interventions To Promote Reductions In Late-Life Disability

Abstract

Considerable evidence suggests that disability prevalence among older Americans has fallen, but less is known about how to promote further declines. This report develops and begins to demonstrate a framework for comparing population-level effects of interventions. We reviewed the literature for seven interventions and conducted simple modeling exercises. Evidence is strongest for exercise programs that increase strength, balance, and physical activity; depression screening with referral and feedback and therapy with pharmacologic treatment; and multi-factor fall prevention programs. Little evidence exists about the long-term effects of such interventions. Both short and long-term effects are critical when evaluating the population-level impact of such interventions.

Research Area: 

Centers

To reuse content from Urban Institute, visit copyright.com, search for the publications, choose from a list of licenses, and complete the transaction.