In Fort Worth, Baltimore, Milwaukee, Pittsburgh, and San Diego, faith-based organizations (FBOs) received between $36,000 and $3.6 million in contracts from local workforce development agencies in 2000. Most churches contacted provided only informal employment services, although one to three large churches in each city sponsored more formal services, but without public funding. About half the non-profit FBOs contacted (e.g., homeless shelters, transitional housing facilities or social service agencies) received public funding and many of these provided some employment-related services. Federal funding to FBOs for employment services was mainly from the U.S. Departments of Labor and Housing and Urban Development.