Events that Trigger Poverty Entries and Exits

Research Report

Events that Trigger Poverty Entries and Exits

Abstract

Have events that trigger entries into and exits from poverty changed over time? Using SIPP data, the authors compare poverty entries and exits in the 1988-92 period--prior to welfare reform--with the more recent 1996-99 period-after welfare reform. A comparison of these time periods show both similarities and differences. One difference is that employment changes are more important in the recent 1996-99 time period than in the 1988-92 time period. Also, shifts from two-adult to female-headed households and vice versa--measured while controlling for shifts in employment--became less important in poverty transitions over this time period.

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