For more than two decades, growth and economic prosperity in the Washington region as a whole have fueled a booming housing market. But until recently, the District of Columbia suffered from declining population and housing disinvestment. Beginning in the late 1990s, DC has experienced a surge in housing demand, bringing more fiscal, economic, and social resources to the city as a whole. Unless this growth is properly managed, it may fail to benefit the city's most vulnerable residents and neighborhoods. This policy brief reviews critical challenges facing the city's housing policy makers in the years ahead, and outlines a citywide strategy for tackling these challenges.