Employment Factors Influencing Food Stamp Program Participation

Research Report

Employment Factors Influencing Food Stamp Program Participation

Abstract

This study uses SIPP data to describe the employment characteristics of working food stamp recipients and estimate the effect of these employment characteristics on Food Stamp Program (FSP) participation. We find that work schedule (i.e., working traditional daytime versus non-traditional hours), number of jobs, number of hours worked, and number of employer changes are all significantly related to FSP participation. Our findings suggest that the cost of FSP participation may lead to reduced participation in the FSP and that federal and state efforts to reduce the cost of participating in FSP may increase FSP participation of low-income working households.

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