Early Implementation of the Welfare-to-Work Grants Program

Research Report

Early Implementation of the Welfare-to-Work Grants Program

Abstract

The Welfare-to-Work (WtW) Grants Program authorized under the Balanced Budget Act of 1998 offers states and localities an opportunity to implement employment-related services specifically designed to meet the often intensive needs of the least-employable portion of the welfare population. The WtW programs have been asked to start-up very quickly. The first grants were awarded by the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) in January 1998, Congress has authorized the program for only two years, and funds must be spent within three years. This report provides preliminary documentation based on discussions with administrators and staff (by phone and in person during site visits) in the first 11 states that received WtW funds under the formula-funded component of the program (i.e., grants to states, with 85 percent of the state funds passed through to localities), highlighting program strategies
that have been adopted and summarizing key implementation issues.

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