Adding Employer Contributions to Health Insurance to Social Security's Earnings and Tax Base

Research Report

Adding Employer Contributions to Health Insurance to Social Security's Earnings and Tax Base

Abstract

Including employer-sponsored health insurance (ESI) in taxable compensation would increase income and payroll tax receipts, but would also increase Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) benefits by adding ESI to the OASDI earnings base. The increased present value of OASDI benefits from including ESI in the wage base in 2014 would offset about 22 percent of increased income and payroll taxes, 57 percent of increased payroll taxes, and 72 percent of increased OASDI taxes. Both taxes and benefits as a share of income would increase between the bottom and middle quintiles and then decline for higher income taxpayers.

Research Area: 

Cross-Center Initiative

Cross-Center Initiative: 
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